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Hypersonic and directed-energy weapons: Who has them, and who’s winning the race in the Asia-Pacific?

supersonic cruise missile in the world

MELBOURNE, Australia, ISLAMABAD, NEW DELHI, and WASHINGTON — A number of countries in the Asia-Pacific region are caught up in the global hypersonic and directed-energy weapons race , with these regional powers having either developed or publicly stated intentions to develop such technology.

Defense News has contacted regional government and military officials, businesses, and analysts to find out who is keeping pace in the worldwide contest.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

Chinese military vehicles carry DF-17 ballistic missiles during a parade in Beijing on Oct. 1, 2019. (Mark Schiefelbein/AP)

Unsurprisingly, China is one of those countries that is focused on both fields. It is widely acknowledged to be the leader in the field of hypersonic systems , having already fielded such weapons in the form of the DF-17 hypersonic glide vehicle.

The DF-17 HGV made its first public appearance at a military parade held in China’s capital Beijing in late 2019. The weapon appears to use a standard ballistic missile booster in its first stage for the initial boost of a glide vehicle, which is used to attack a target following reentry.

The DF-17s at the parade were mounted on a wheeled, five-axle transporter-erector-launcher. This makes the system road-mobile like much of the ballistic missile arsenal of China’s People’s Liberation Army. This could potentially complicate any attempt by an adversary to strike the systems prior to launch.

U.S. government sources have said China carried out several tests of HGVs, including the DF-17, since 2014. The DF-17 is the first system of its type known to be operational in the world, although several other nations including the U.S. are developing similar systems.

In addition, China is also believed to be developing an air-launched HGV, with a video briefly posted on Chinese social media in October last year showing a People’s Liberation Army Air Force Xi’an H-6N bomber landing at an air base carrying what appeared to be a boost-glide HGV — or at least a mock-up used for carriage and other flight tests.

Pentagon officials had long suspected China was developing an air-launched ballistic missile for carriage onboard H-6 bombers, although specific details were unknown until the emergence of the video. It’s still unclear, however, if this air-launched weapon is the one referenced by the Pentagon, or if China is developing another system with a more conventional warhead.

The deployment of road-mobile and air-launched HGVs broadens China’s ability to hold an adversary’s targets at risk, giving missile defenses another threat vector to think about in addition to China’s existing arsenal of ballistic, cruise, land-attack and anti-ship missiles.

The Pentagon has also claimed China carried out several tests of rail guns on land. These use electromagnetic forces to launch high velocity projectiles by means of a sliding armature that is accelerated along a pair of conductive rails. While the projectiles do not contain explosives like one would find on hypersonic missiles, the projectile’s extremely high speed inflict significant damage.

It is also believed a PLA Navy amphibious ship, photographed on several occasions mounting a large turret and gun barrel on its bow, is the test bed of a naval rail gun. The ship made several voyages believed to be for tests, although this could not be independently verified and its development status is unclear.

China has also made efforts in developing directed-energy weapons , with state media and manufacturers releasing images and videos of hand-held and vehicle-mounted laser systems. These include a hand-held destructive laser weapon offered for domestic law enforcement — ostensibly crowd control — although its designers say when set to maximum power, the laser can instantly scar human skin and tissue. It can also reportedly ignite clothing, knock a small drone out of the sky or blow up a fuel tank.

One Chinese academic has claimed the PLA used microwave weapons to incapacitate Indian troops during last year’s standoff over part of the two countries’ disputed border, although these claims have not been independently verified.

India is also pursuing both hypersonic and directed-energy weapons. The second edition of India’s “Technology Perspective and Capability Roadmap,” released in 2018 by the Ministry of Defence, previewed more than 200 pieces of equipment envisaged for induction in the military in the late 2020s. Among the list of projects that industry was encouraged to pursue was a “Tactical High Energy Laser System” for the Army and Air Force.

The ministry foresaw a high mobility vehicle-based laser weapon system able to “cause physical damage/destruction to [electronic warfare] systems, communication systems and non communication systems/radars and their antennas.” Eventually, the weapon should reach a minimum range of 20 kilometers, have a target-locking capability, and be able to serve in an anti-satellite role from land- and air-based platforms.

An official review of the MoD’s affairs from 2020 cited an anti-drone system made by the government’s Defence Research and Development Organisation. The Jan. 1, 2021, news release said the system was deployed for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s security as he addressed the nation for its 74th Independence Day.

“It can bring down micro drones through either jamming of command and control links or by damaging the drones through laser-based Directed Energy Weapon,” according to the release.

The DRDO is currently requesting $100 million from the MoD for the 2021-2022 budget to produce a high-power laser weapon.

The classified project, dubbed DURGA II (Directionally Unrestricted Ray-Gun Array), will see the Indian Army receive the 100-kilowatt, lightweight directed-energy system, a service official told Defense News.

A senior DRDO scientist said on condition of anonymity that the DURGA II program is currently in the concept stage. He added that the organization is developing and improving various laser-generation techniques using solid state, fiber and chemical lasers for defensive and offensive use.

The scientist also said DURGA II is to be integrated with land-, sea- and air-based platforms.

Another DRDO scientist said 50 defense scientists have been charged with developing new directed-energy weapons. The organization also aims to start work on non-nuclear electromagnetic pulse technology, he added.

DRDO laboratories engaged in the development of directed-energy technology include the Laser Science and Technology Centre, the Defence Electronics Research Laboratory, the Defence Research and Development Laboratory, and the Centre for High Energy Systems and Sciences.

The Laser Science and Technology Centre is the lead laboratory in this effort, and it is currently engaged in the development of multiple laser technologies using chemical oxygen iodine lasers and high-power fiber lasers. The center has so far made a 25-kilowatt laser that can target a ballistic missile during its terminal phase at a maximum distance of 5 kilometers.

In addition, the DRDO established a firing range at its Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory at Ramgarh in Haryana state, near New Delhi.

Meanwhile, the country’s focus on hypersonic technology has seen the creation of a wind tunnel for testing in Hyderabad and its first successful test of a fully indigenous hypersonic technology demonstrator vehicle powered by an air-breathing scramjet engine. The MoD announced the Sept. 7, 2020, flight test that month.

The demo vehicle was indigenously developed by the DRDO, and it has the ability to fly at six times the speed of sound, according to defense scientists in the country.

The MoD said the hypersonic cruise vehicle was launched using a solid rocket motor, which took it to an altitude of 30 kilometers. Then the cruise vehicle separated from the launch vehicle and the air intake opened as planned, the ministry added.

“The successful demonstration proved several critical technologies including aerodynamic configuration for hypersonic manoeuvers, the use of scramjet propulsion for ignition and sustained combustion at hypersonic flow, thermo-structural characterisation of high-temperature materials, separation mechanism at hypersonic velocities, etc.,” DRDO said in a statement.

A top DRDO scientist told Defense News that the vehicle will be used to launch both hypersonic and long-range cruise missiles. “DRDO has spent around $4.5 million on its [HTDV] prototype development cost, and three more tests will be carried out in the next five years to make this platform into a full-fledged hypersonic weapon that is capable of carrying both conventional and nuclear warheads, “he said.

DRDO spent about $30 million on the design and development phases.

India is also developing the hypersonic BrahMos II missile.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

This Japanese-language graphic shows the country’s two planned hypersonic weapons: (1) the hypersonic cruise missile and (2) the hypervelocity gliding projectile. (Japan's Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Agency)

The northeast Asian nation of Japan started its pursuit of hypersonic weapons in the late 2010s. It has set its sights on two classes of hypersonic systems: the hypersonic cruise missile, or HCM, and the hypervelocity gliding projectile, or HVGP.

The former will be powered by a scramjet engine and appears similar to a typical missile, albeit one that cruises at a much higher speed while capable of traveling at long ranges.

The HVGP, on the other hand, will feature a solid-fuel rocket engine that will boost its warhead payload to a high altitude before separation, where it will then glide to its target using its altitude to maintain high velocity until impact.

The government’s Acquisition, Technology and Logistics Agency also provided details regarding warhead payloads, with different warheads planned for both maritime and land targets. The former will be an armor-piercing warhead designed specifically for penetrating “the deck of the [aircraft] carrier,” while a land-attack version will use multiple high-density, explosively formed projectiles for area suppression.

Japan’s government is continuing research and development in hypersonic technology, with 240 billion yen (U.S. $2 billion) in its latest defense budget allocated for the program. ALTA has contracted Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to collaborate on research in both the HCM and HVGP, with the latter expected to enter service around 2026.

ATLA says research on the HCM is planned to continue until 2025, although at this time it is not guaranteed that it will be developed into an operational system. Japan, whose constitution limits the ability of its self-defense forces to conduct offensive operations, has framed the development of its hypersonic weapons as a means by which it can provide defense for “remote islands.” The country is likely referring to the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, which it currently administers but are also claimed by China.

Korean Peninsula

supersonic cruise missile in the world

South Korean soldiers, front, and North Korean soldiers stand guard before the military demarcation line on the each side of the truce village of Panmunjom in the Demilitarized Zone dividing the two Koreas. (AFP via Getty Images)

The divided Korean Peninsula is also racing to develop hypersonic weapons. U.S. ally South Korea is pushing ahead with plans to develop its own hypersonic missiles as it seeks a viable missile strike capability in response to North Korea’s extensive ballistic missile arsenal. That arsenal remains the one area in which the impoverished, isolated nation’s military has surpassed its southern neighbor.

In August 2020, South Korean Defense Minister Jeong Kyeong-doo said the country will accelerate development of long-range and hypersonic missiles, as well as more powerful warheads for such weapons. South Korea has already developed short-ranged ballistic missiles and is seeking newer types to hold North Korean targets — including its mobile ballistic missiles — at risk during a conflict.

For its part, the nuclear-armed North has claimed it is also developing such weapons. The government made the announcement during the 8th Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea in January, with reports saying the North has created a new research center for hypersonic missiles under its Academy of National Defense Science.

However, there is little verifiable or detailed information available about the development of hypersonic weapons by both the countries at the moment.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

(da-kuk/Getty Images)

In July 2020, the Australian government released two defense documents that together provide midcourse guidance to the country’s 2016 Defence White Paper and its Integrated Investment Program. Included in the new documents are a AU$9.3 billion (U.S. $7.1 billion) investment in hypersonic weapons and the further development of capabilities such as directed-energy systems.

As such, the 2020 Defence Strategic Update and associated Force Structure Plan will oversee funding to develop disruptive weapons technology. The effort follows a pledge of AU$730 million in the earlier whitepaper for research into targeted science and technology, including hypersonic weapons, advanced sensors and directed-energy capabilities.

Acknowledging the rapidly changing balance of power in the Asia-Pacific region, the strategic update notes that previous defense planning does not provide adequate assurance that Australia would come out on top in a modern conflict.

“Coercion, competition and grey-zone activities directly or indirectly targeting Australian interests are occurring now,” the document stated. “Growing regional military capabilities, and the speed at which they can be deployed, mean Australia can no longer rely on a timely warning ahead of conflict occurring.”

While the government still considers the prospect of a high-intensity conflict in the region unlikely, it noted the chances are less remote now than five years ago, including conflict between the U.S. and China. The reduced warning time, coupled with a realization that Australia no longer has the luxury of choosing when or where military action occurs, is driving future weapons requirements, such as rapid threat detection and response as well as greater standoff capabilities.

“That’s why we will continue to invest in advanced capabilities to give the Australian Defence Force more options to deter aggression against Australia’s interests, including the $9.3 billion earmarked in the Force Structure Plan 2020 for high-speed long-range strike and missile defence, including hypersonic development, test and evaluation,” Defence Minister Linda Reynolds said.

Australia has conducted research into hypersonic flight for several years, most notably through the Hypersonic International Flight Research Experimentation program, or HIFiRE, which began in 2007. The program was a collaboration between the government’s Defence Science and Technology Group, the University of Queensland, the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, and industry partners BAE Systems and Boeing.

The aim of HIFiRE was to gain a deep understanding of the technologies required for sustained hypersonic flight and solve related scientific problems. In defense terms, HIFiRE has been succeeded by the Australia-U.S. Southern Cross Integrated Flight Research Experiment program, or SCIFiRE, announced in December 2020.

Australia’s investment in SCIFiRE comes from the AU$9.3 billion promised in the Force Structure Plan. The program aims to develop and test a hypersonic cruise missile prototype, leveraging work done with the U.S. over the last 15 years on scramjets, rocket motors, sensors and advanced manufacturing materials.

The weapon will be a propulsion-launched, scramjet-powered, precision strike missile able to reach Mach 5. It is expected to enter service in the late 2020s or early 2030s.

The joint effort was finalized in July 2020 and announced in December that year by Reynolds.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

US Army begins equipping first unit with hypersonic capability

The army's ground-launched hypersonic battery is beginning to stand up..

“The SCIFiRE initiative is another opportunity to advance the capabilities in our Air Combat Capability program to support joint force effects to advance Australia’s security and prosperity,” chief of the Royal Australian Air Force, Air Marshal Mel Hupfeld, said at the time of the announcement. “We are maximizing our learning during development to better define the capabilities and needs as the system matures, and we are gaining insights as we go that will help us integrate it into the future joint force.”

While the Australian Defence Force is closely watching developments, it is yet to publicly announce a formal hypersonic weapons acquisition program. However, the Force Structure Plan forecasts Australia’s clear desire for a high-speed, long-range strike and missile.

The Defence Ministry did not provide comment to Defense News by press time.

Another disruptive weapons capability specifically named in the Force Structure Plan is the development of a directed-energy weapons system. It’s to be integrated into the military’s protected and armored fighting vehicles for defeating vehicles as big as a main battle tank.

The plan also forecasts a similar capability to protect naval vessels against advanced and emerging weapons systems.

Australian defense company Electro Optic Systems has more than 35 years’ experience in the use of lasers through its so-called Space Domain Awareness service, which provides a tracking capability in space for Australia and its allies. The company is also developing a scalable, directed-energy counter-UAV weapon for the Australian Defence Force, initially based on a 26-kilowatt continuous wave laser. It’s expected to enter service later this year. The technology can supposedly be scaled up to provide a theater-level capability should a future military requirement emerge.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

Pakistani Chief of Naval Staff Adm. Zafar Mahmood Abbasi, center, arrives will fellow officers to receive Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena during the Pakistan Day military parade in Islamabad on March 23, 2018. (Aamir Qureshi/AFP via Getty Images)

The present level of development in directed-energy and hypersonic weapons by Pakistan is uncertain, and despite a greater focus on strengthening local industry, the country may require significant foreign input in these fields.

In October, outgoing naval chief Adm. Zafar Mahmood Abbasi revealed plans to equip future warships with directed-energy weapon systems and the P282 hypersonic missile.

“In the hypersonic domain, the ship-based, long-range, anti-ship and land-attack P282 ballistic missile is under development” he said at the time, and the newly established Naval Research and Development Institute was developing “laser-based directed-energy weapons.”

Neither the Ministry of Defence Production nor the Navy responded to Defense News’ requests for information on these programs. Their stage of development or how and when they will be employed is unknown. Nevertheless, Mansoor Ahmed, a senior research fellow at Islamabad’s Center for International Strategic Studies, believes these developments must be reasonably advanced for them to have been revealed at all.

Whether Pakistani warships have sufficient power-generation capacity to operate directed-energy weapons may be inferred from Chinese and Turkish programs. Pakistan has ordered Type 054A/P frigates (similar to those in Chinese service) and Milgem corvettes (similar to Turkey’s Ada class), and is designing the related Jinnah-class frigate (possibly similar to Turkey’s Istanbul class).

Chinese destroyers have had an operational directed-energy capability since at least 2018, but frigates are not similarly equipped. However, an expert on China’s military believes this will change.

“Based on my interviews with Chinese sources, I conclude that China will be pacing most U.S. directed-energy weapon developments, be they solid-state lasers or microwave weapons,” said Richard Fisher, a senior fellow at the International Assessment and Strategy Center. “They were marketing a 30-kilowatt, mobile, solid-state laser weapon five years ago, so it is reasonable to expect they will soon have much more powerful land-, sea- and air-deployable laser weapons.”

Similarly, the installation of the Roketsan-made Alka laser weapon on Turkish warships would infer Pakistan receiving a similar setup. Roketsan literature indicates the Alka can be fitted to warships to destroy or disable drones and similar targets. The company says the system can destroy a target with a laser at 500 meters, and destroy a target at 1,000 meters with its electromagnetic weapon.

STM and fellow Turkish contractor Afsat signed an agreement “on engineering solutions for supplying and integrating the main propulsion system” for Pakistan’s corvettes in June 2020. Their propulsion/power-generation system was previously a CODAD (combined diesel and diesel) system before the U.S. cleared the export of gas turbines, allowing a CODAG (combined diesel and gas) system similar to the Ada corvettes to be fitted.

When asked, STM would not say whether this could produce sufficient power to support a directed-energy weapon.

Given the delivery timetable for Pakistan’s new frigates and corvettes, a directed-energy capability may be reality by mid-decade, but Ahmed, the expert at the Center for International Strategic Studies, believes the hypersonic program is more urgent. He said hypersonic technology is part of Pakistan’s “emerging menu of long-range [anti-access, area denial] capabilities that are increasingly going to be needed for maintaining a credible deterrent” against India’s Navy .

This is backed by reports that an Azeri surface-to-air Barak-8 missile system — a weapon also installed on some of India’s destroyers — downed an Armenian Iskander tactical ballistic missile last year, potentially rendering Pakistan’s present subsonic anti-ship missile arsenal vulnerable to interception.

Though Pakistan has acquired CM-302/YJ-12 supersonic anti-ship missiles for its Type 054A/P frigates, Ahmed said the hypersonic P282 will enable Pakistan to “leapfrog” to a similar level of capability to India, which already has different BrahMos supersonic missile variants and is developing the hypersonic BrahMos II.

Irrespective of whether the P282 will be a wholly indigenous or collaborative effort, Ahmed views it as a critical program that will spawn land and air weapons potentially “deployed across a variety of platforms.”

However, this could depend on whether the weapon is a hypersonic cruise missile (a la Russia’s Zircon) or some type of hypersonic glide vehicle. Describing the P282 as a ballistic missile may imply it is more likely to be a land-based hypersonic glide vehicle (like China’s DF-100), or perhaps a ballistic missile acting as a booster for a scramjet-powered hypersonic cruise missile. Adm. Abbasi’s description of the P282 is the only information presently in the public domain.

According to James Acton, co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a ship-based ballistic missile is most feasible. “I don’t know anything about the P282 specifically, but a ship-based ballistic missile is perfectly possible. Indeed, India has such a missile — the Dhanush.”

Like the Dhanush, he suspects the P282 will turn out to be similar to the Chinese DF-21D and DF-26B anti-ship ballistic missiles.

“It’s possible — likely, perhaps — that the missile would have some kind of a maneuverable reentry vehicle, though I’d be surprised if it had a long-range gliding capability,” he added.

Acton also highlighted the launch platform doesn’t need to be a surface vessel. “It’s also worth bearing in mind that a submarine is a type of ship, and so it’s possible that the delivery platform would be a submarine rather than a surface ship.”

He is less convinced the P282 will end up being a hypersonic cruise missile. “Given the description, I’d doubt it’d be a cruise missile. Small rocket boosters are used to accelerate scramjet-powered missiles, but it’d be very odd to describe the system as a ‘ballistic missile.’ "

The expert at the International Assessment and Strategy Center suspects China as a direct source of the P282, saying it’s reasonable to believe China would sell directed-energy weapons and ship-launched, anti-ship ballistic missile technology to Pakistan just like it “would also assist North Korea and Iran to obtain the same capabilities.”

“In 2017, retired [Chinese People’s Liberation Army] Navy Rear Adm. Zhao Dengping revealed that the PLAN was working on a ship-launched, anti-ship/land-attack ballistic missile, and my sources indicate that by 2018 they had started testing such a missile” Fisher added. “It could be based on a current surface-to-air-missile or something larger, as they have anti-ship-capable versions of some of their newer short-range ballistic missiles.”

One candidate in particular was shown at the 2018 Zhuhai Airshow in China, he said, where the country revealed the CM-401 horizontally launched anti-ship ballistic missile made by China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation. “As it is a ship-launched, hypersonic-speed ballistic missile and Pakistan has a long relationship with CASIC, there is a good possibility that P282 will be next in the long line of Pakistan’s CASIC-assisted solid-fuel ballistic missiles.”

If so, fielding a hypersonic missile capability may not be Pakistan’s greatest challenge. Ahmed points to Pakistan’s need to fill a “real-time target acquisition” gap to address India’s aircraft carrier fleet and other major surface combatant forces, especially as “India’s offensive and [intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance] ISR superiority in the naval domain has been enhanced through the India-U.S. basic exchange and cooperation agreement.”

Pakistan’s planned Sea Sultan long-range patrol aircraft as well as its access to China’s BeiDou satellite navigation network will likely be critical to its hypersonic efforts. Nevertheless, “given these growing asymmetries, the P282 is a much-needed addition to an increasingly complex offense defense imbalance in the Indian Ocean region,” Ahmed said.

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The World’s First Hypersonic Cruise Missile Will Fly 20 Times Faster Than the Competition

Hypersonic Attack Cruise Missile (HACM) will be the first scramjet-powered weapon to enter production.

preview for Developing Raytheon's Hypersonic Attack Cruise Missile

  • Unlike most cruise missiles, however, this one travels way faster than the speed of sound , with the capability to fly at speeds in excess of Mach 5.
  • Exactly how fast the new Hypersonic Attack Cruise Missile will be remains a mystery.

The Pentagon has plenty of cruise missiles in its arsenal, from the long-serving Tomahawk to the new JASSM-ER . But a new missile set to enter service in 2027 is radically different: the new Hypersonic Attack Cruise Missile (HACM) will fly up to 20 times faster, giving adversaries little time to escape its wrath. HACM will be the first mass-produced weapon to use air-breathing scramjet engines.

Raytheon and Northrop Grumman won a contract worth $985 million to develop the world’s first hypersonic cruise missile. HACM, developed for the United States and Australia, is an air-launched hypersonic cruise missile designed to quickly strike targets on the ground. Under the terms of the contract, the Pentagon should see the first operational missiles in 2027.

australian defence force troops test super hornet aircraft capabilities during exercise nigrum pugio

In 2020, the U.S. and Australia jointly began the Southern Cross Integrated Flight Research Experiment partnership, or SCIFiRE. Named after the constellation that appears on Australia’s national flag, SCIFiRE was meant to develop an air-breathing hypersonic weapon system designed to be carried on both U.S. and Australian aircraft, including the F/A-18 Super Hornet , F-35A Joint Strike Fighter , P-8A Poseidon aircraft, and others. The contract will mature the Raytheon SCIFiRE prototype into an actual weapon system.

HACM is a tactical weapon designed to be used on day one of a large-scale conventional conflict . “HACM will provide our commanders with tactical flexibility to employ fighters to hold high-value, time-sensitive targets at risk while maintaining bombers for other strategic targets,” Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. CQ Brown said in an Air Force statement last week.

Traditional cruise missiles are basically pilotless aircraft. Like many aircraft, turbofan engines power cruise missiles, propelling them at subsonic speeds. Cruise missiles fly low to avoid radar detection, and a slower speed helps them fly lower and hug the ground. Tomahawk cruise missiles , for example, fly at an altitude of between 98 and 164 feet at a speed of 550 miles per hour.

HACM is a hypersonic weapon, which means it flies at Mach 5 or faster—but we don’t know exactly how much faster it will fly. Most missiles that remain in the atmosphere, like air-to-air missiles , top out at around Mach 3+. SCIFiRE was descended from the earlier HIFiRE program , which tested a scramjet engine at speeds up to Mach 8.

HACM will be the world’s first operational weapon system to use a scramjet engine . Like turbofan engines, scramjets scoop up oxygen from the surrounding atmosphere to use as fuel. One key difference between the two is that a turbofan engine scoops up oxygen at subsonic speeds, while a scramjet scoops it up at supersonic speeds. More oxygen means more fuel for the scramjet engine, which enables it to propel the missile even faster. According to NASA , scramjet engines should work to at least Mach 15. That translates to 11,509 miles per hour, or fast enough to circle Earth in about two hours.

victory day military parade in moscow

Hypersonic weapons are the new hotness in warfare. Most of the avowed nuclear powers have technically had hypersonic weapons for a half-century or more, as the ballistic missiles that carry nuclear warheads travel at hypersonic speeds, impacting their targets at up to 15,000 miles per hour. This new generation of hypersonic weapons is different in that it is non-nuclear in nature—at least so far—and would be used immediately in a conventional war.

There’s a lot we don’t know about HACM. We don’t know how fast it really flies, or how far it flies. All we know is it is small enough to be carried by a fighter jet and will be ready by 2027. One thing is for sure: HACM is awkward and we need a better name for it.

Headshot of Kyle Mizokami

Kyle Mizokami is a writer on defense and security issues and has been at Popular Mechanics since 2015. If it involves explosions or projectiles, he's generally in favor of it. Kyle’s articles have appeared at The Daily Beast, U.S. Naval Institute News, The Diplomat, Foreign Policy, Combat Aircraft Monthly, VICE News , and others. He lives in San Francisco.

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  • Missiles of the World

The BrahMos (PJ-10) is a short-range, ramjet powered, single warhead, supersonic anti-ship/land attack cruise missile developed and manufactured by India and Russia.

BrahMos at a Glance

supersonic cruise missile in the world

BrahMos Development

Specifications, brahmos hypersonic variant, service history.

In 2016, India agreed to sell Vietnam the Brahmos missile after gaining acceptance into the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). 7 Variants sold internationally only have a range of 290 km to fall under the 300 km restrictions in the MTCR.

  • James C. O’Halloran, “Brahmos (PJ-10),” in IHS Jane’s Weapons: Strategic, (IHS; 2015). 142-146.
  • Ibid, 142-146
  • The Financial Express, “BrahMos missile’s land version successfully test-fired by Indian Air Force,” Yahoo Finance India, May 27, 2016, Accessed on https://in.finance.yahoo.com/news/brahmos-missile-land-version-successfully-080700393.html.
  • Zachary Keck, “Russia Developed New Fuel to Power Mach 5 Hypersonic Missiles,” The National Interest, February 17, 2015, Accessed on http://nationalinterest.org/blog/russia-developed-new-fuel-power-mach-5-hypersonic-missiles-12266.
  • Sam LaGrone, “India Set to Sell Super Sonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile to Vietnam,” USNI News, June 1, 2016, Accessed on https://news.usni.org/2016/06/01/india-set-sell-super-sonic-anti-ship-cruise-missile-vietnam-china-upset.

Here Are 10 Things You Need To Know About BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile

The brahmos supersonic cruise missile is difficult to be intercepted by surface to air missiles deployed on leading warships around the world..

Here Are 10 Things You Need To Know About BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile

The BrahMos supersonic cruise missile has been jointly developed with Russia.

Here is your 10-point cheatsheet to the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile:

The BrahMos is the fastest cruise missile of its class in the world.

BrahMos missile flies almost three times the speed of sound at Mach 2.8 and has a range of 290 km.

The missile has been jointly developed with Russia and is named after the rivers Brahmaputra and Moskva in Russia.

The BrahMos has been inducted into the Navy and Army from 2006 onwards but the latest version is more versatile.

Unlike warships, a BrahMos armed Sukhoi-30 can fly 1,500 kilometres in the direction of a hostile target out at sea.

The BrahMos is extremely difficult to be intercepted by surface to air missiles deployed on leading warships around the world.

The range of the BrahMos missile can be extended up to 400 km as certain technical restrictions were lifted after India became a full member of the Missile Technology Control Regime or MTCR in 2016.

BrahMos missile is the heaviest weapon to be deployed on India's Su-30 fighter aircraft.

The project is expected to be completed by 2020.

The capability of the Indian Air Force to strike from large stand-off ranges on any target in sea or land is expected to go up manifold once the project is completed. 

Opinion: Opinion | BrahMos For Philippines: A Symbolic Win In The Choppy Indo-Pacific

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North Korea says it tested ‘super-large’ cruise missile warhead and new anti-aircraft missile

Korean Central News Agency released photos showing at least two missiles being fired off launcher trucks on a runway. The missiles in the image were not identified. State media said North Korea’s missile administration on Friday conducted a ‘power test’ for the warhead designed for the Hwasal-1 Ra-3 strategic cruise missile and a test-launch of the Pyoljji-1-2 anti-aircraft missile.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

The South Korean and U.S. air forces held joint air drills in Gunsan, South Korea on Friday, where they practiced ways to detect and counter enemy threats.

A TV screen shows an image of North Korea's missile launch during a news program at the Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea, Saturday, April 20, 2024. North Korea said Saturday it tested a "super-large" cruise missile warhead and a new anti-aircraft missile in a western coastal area as it expands military capabilities in the face of deepening tensions with the United States and South Korea. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

A TV screen shows an image of North Korea’s missile launch during a news program at the Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea, Saturday, April 20, 2024. North Korea said Saturday it tested a “super-large” cruise missile warhead and a new anti-aircraft missile in a western coastal area as it expands military capabilities in the face of deepening tensions with the United States and South Korea. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

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South Korean army soldiers pass by the barbed-wire fence in Paju, South Korea, near the border with North Korea, Friday, April 19, 2024. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

A U.S. Army soldier from the Eighth Army and South Korean army soldiers throw simulated grenades during the Expert Soldier, Infantry, and Medic Badge (E3B) competition at the Rodriguez Live Fire Complex in Pocheon, South Korea, Friday, April 19, 2024. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

U.S. Army soldiers from the Eighth Army compete during the Expert Soldier, Infantry, and Medic Badge (E3B) competition at the Rodriguez Live Fire Complex in Pocheon, South Korea, Friday, April 19, 2024. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — North Korea said Saturday it tested a “super-large” cruise missile warhead and a new anti-aircraft missile in a western coastal area as it expands military capabilities in the face of deepening tensions with the United States and South Korea.

North Korean state media said the country’s missile administration on Friday conducted a “power test” for the warhead designed for the Hwasal-1 Ra-3 strategic cruise missile and a test-launch of the Pyoljji-1-2 anti-aircraft missile. It said the tests attained an unspecified “certain goal.”

Photos released by the North’s official Korean Central News Agency showed at least two missiles being fired off launcher trucks at a runway.

North Korea conducted a similar set of tests Feb. 2, but at the time did not specify the names of the cruise missile or the anti-aircraft missile, indicating it was possibly seeing technological progress after testing the same system over weeks.

KCNA insisted Friday’s tests were part of the North’s regular military development activities and had nothing to do with the “surrounding situation.”

Tensions on the Korean Peninsula are at their highest in years, with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un dialing up his weapons demonstrations, which have included more powerful missiles aimed at the U.S. mainland and U.S. targets in the Pacific. The United States, South Korea and Japan have responded by expanding their combined military training and sharpening their deterrence strategies built around strategic U.S. assets.

FILE - In this photo provided by the North Korean government, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, right, meets Zhao Leji, chairman of the National People's Congress of China, in Pyongyang, North Korea on April 13, 2024. Independent journalists were not given access to cover the event depicted in this image distributed by the North Korean government. The content of this image is as provided and cannot be independently verified. (Korean Central News Agency/Korea News Service via AP, File)

Cruise missiles are among a growing collection of North Korean weapons designed to overwhelm regional missile defenses. They supplement the North’s vast lineup of ballistic missiles, including intercontinental ballistic missiles aimed at the continental United States.

Analysts say anti-aircraft missile technology is an area where North Korea could benefit from its deepening military cooperation with Russia , as the two countries align in the face of their separate, intensifying confrontations with the U.S. The United States and South Korea have accused North Korea of providing artillery shells and other equipment to Russia to help extend its warfighting in Ukraine.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

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Which Countries have Hypersonic Missiles in 2024?

In September 2020, India reportedly became fourth in ranking behind China , Russia and the United States of countries to research and test defense weapons. This took place after successful practice with a Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV).

The HSTDV test missile that India sent out traveled six times faster than the speed of sound. Military scientists still work toward improving the stability of this artillery. However, India drafted a five-year plan to develop a hypersonic missile after their favorable deployment outcome.

Purpose of Hypersonic Missiles

The test that India conducted may make a way for launching smaller satellites that cost less to develop in the past. Note, however, that other hypersonic missiles sent out reached speeds of 10 times as fast as sound. However, six times as fast apparently is a “good start.”

The agility and swiftness of hypersonic missiles provide governments that might use them a significant advantage. For instance, these weapons could dodge just about any other defensive military weapon out there. What’s more, they seem to have demonstrated increased maneuverability during testing sessions.

Reports of Additional Countries Involved

More than the top four countries mentioned, including India, have joined the hypersonic missile initiative. Russia may have the most experience with defense weapon in general, if not with hypersonic missile testing.

United States

The United States currently carries out the development or testing of hypersonic weapons. The country set a goal to early operational capability of one system this year, which could happen. The Pentagon proposed a $3.8 billion budget for hypersonic weapon research in 2022.

China is researching hypersonic cruise missiles and glide vehicles, according to US military officials. At least one missile capable of transporting the defense weapons currently operates.

China doesn’t seem to have as much experience as Russia though. Still, the country reportedly conducted hundreds of defense missile tests from 2016-2021 in Beijing . One of the latest launch announcements took place in October 2021.

Russia began hypersonic weapon technology research in the 1980s. Recent tests performed by this country took place within days of a March 22, 2022, report published by VOA News.

Russia inherited the reputation of becoming the first nation to deploy hypersonic weapons in combat. They reportedly aimed at least one missile toward a Ukraine target in March 2019.

The weapon that Russian officials said they fired in 2019 classifies as a Kinzhal missile they shot from a military plane. However, the country also declared possession of the Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle. Moreover, news of ship-launched cruise missile development called the Tsirkon also was released.

North Korea

North Korea reportedly conducted two hypersonic missile tests so far this year in 2022 and achieved successful outcomes. One of these launches took place on January 5, and the other occurred on January 11.

Other Countries

Australia , France , Germany and Japan also started to pursue hypersonic weapon development. Iran , Israel and South Korea reportedly have started conducting foundational research on hypersonic weaponry.

  • Table includes only hypersonic weapons that have reportedly been completed as of July 2023. Still-in-development weapons such as Japan 's Hyper Velocity Gliding Projectile (HVGP) are excluded until such time as they are considered deployed.
  • In some cases, the weapon's functionality has been announced by the developing country but has not been publicly demonstrated.

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How many countries have Hypersonic missiles?

Frequently asked questions.

  • What Are Hypersonic Weapons and Who Has Them? - VOA News
  • The Physics and Hype of Hypersonic Weapons - Scientific American
  • Hypersonic weapon - Wikipedia

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Brahmos Missile , Indian DRDO Brahmos Missile , Brahmos Design Features , BrahMos Aerospace

Brahmos Missile

World’s fastest supersonic cruse missile by brahmos aerospace.

The Brahmos missile is the fastest medium-range stealth ramjet supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by India and Russia. The BAPL ( BrahMos Aerospace ) is a joint venture company of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) based in India.

The Brahmos is a fire-and-forget weapon system designed to neutralize a wide range of targets with pin-point accuracy. It provides multi-platform launch capability, allowing it to be launched from aircraft, ships, submarines, or land-based vehicle-mounted mobile launchers.

The Brahmos missile is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world, developed in a joint venture between the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization ( DRDO ) and the Russian Federation’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya, which together have formed BrahMos Aerospace.

Brahmos Missile , DRDO Brahmos Missile , Brahmos Design Features

The induction of Brahmos is a complete game changer for the Indian Armed Forces. The missile, due to its stealth features, is very difficult to track, and its Mach 3 supersonic speed leaves very little reaction time to deploy the countermeasures.

The DRDO is constantly upgrading the lethality of the missile in terms of speed, range, and stealth features. The air-launched variant of the Bhramos missile has been primarily designed for the Su-30 MKI fighter jets operated in large numbers by the Indian Air Force (IAF).

This integration of Brahmos on the Su30 MKI is already complete and has been successfully tested a number of times, hitting the targets with pin-point accuracy. The DRDO is also currently working on other lighter variants that can be integrated on single-engine fighter jets such as the HAL Tejas.

BrahMos Missile General Features

India Russia Joint Venture Missile Program

Brahmos Missile Design Features

The missile design is based on a two-stage solid propellant booster engine. The first stage is fired first, which gives initial lift-off and takes the missile to supersonic speed before it is separated. The second stage is fired after the first stage, which takes the missile to Mach 3.

The missile design is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missile used by the Russian navy. The DRDO has incorporated cutting-edge technology and many advanced features into the missile design. It is said to be the world’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile currently in operation.

SU30 MKI Launching Brahmos Missile

The land-based, vehicle-mounted, and surface-launched variants of the Brahmos missile are already in service. An air-launched variant of BrahMos started testing in 2012 and entered service in 2019. However, only the Su30 MKI airframe can support the heavy weight of the missile.

The DRDO is developing a hypersonic version of the missile, BrahMos-II, with a design speed of Mach 7. The hypersonic variant will significantly boost the aerial fast-strike capability of the Indian Air Force. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2024.

Brahmos Stealth Technology

The Brahmos missile design incorporates the latest stealth technology, artificial intelligence (AI), a sophisticated guidance system, and advanced embedded software to provide the missile with unmatched capability and advanced features.

The missile has a flight range of up to 290 km with supersonic speed during the entire flight, which brings a substantial reduction in the missile’s flight duration.

The shorter flight time and supersonic speed over Mach 3 are a lethal combination that provide a huge combat punch to this missile. The missile’s features and speed make it almost impossible to track and engage with any known missile defence system currently available in the world.

Brahmos Missile Features , Stealth Features

BrahMos Missile Variants

The DRDO and BrahMos Aerospace are working on a number of variants of the Brahmos missile, considering the requirements of the Indian Air Force , Indian Army , and Indian Navy . The DRDO is also incorporating the latest cutting-edge technology into the future design.

The Brahmos NG is the next-generation, light-weight (1500 kg) variant of the missile. The NG variant is specially designed for single-engine fighter jets such as the HAL Tejas . Similarly, the hypersonic variant of the Brahmos is also currently under development.

BrahMos-II is a hypersonic variant of the cruise missile currently under development. It will have a range of up to 600 kilometers and a speed of Mach 8. It is going to be the fastest hypersonic missile in the world.         

Next Generation Brahmos Missile

BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by India and Russia. It is considered one of the world’s fastest cruise missiles and has a range of around 300 km. The missile is named after the Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers in India and Russia respectively.

As for the next generation of BrahMos missile, the developers are currently working on the BrahMos-NG (Next Generation) missile, which is an advanced version of the existing BrahMos missile. The BrahMos-NG is expected to be smaller, lighter, and more manoeuvrable than the original BrahMos missile, making it even more lethal and difficult to detect.

BrahMos-NG , Next Generation BrahMos Missile

The BrahMos-NG will have a range of around 450 km, which is an improvement over the existing BrahMos missile’s range. It is also expected to have a higher speed than the original missile, with a reported top speed of Mach 3.5.

The BrahMos-NG will also feature advanced guidance and navigation systems, making it more accurate and able to hit targets with greater precision. It will also be capable of engaging multiple targets simultaneously, making it an even more formidable weapon.

The BrahMos-NG is expected to be a significant upgrade over the existing BrahMos missile, and it is expected to become operational in the next few years.

Strategic Significance Of Brahmos Missile For India

BrahMos missile is a key component of India’s defense strategy, providing the country with a potent deterrent against potential adversaries, long-range strike capabilities, and a high degree of versatility.

It has also helped India develop its indigenous defense manufacturing capabilities and expand its strategic partnerships. The BrahMos missile holds immense strategic significance for India, for several reasons.

Brahmos Missile Strategic Significance For India

  • Deterrence : The BrahMos missile is a potent deterrent against potential adversaries, particularly those who may pose a threat to India’s national security. With its high speed and accuracy, the missile can hit targets deep within enemy territory, making it a formidable weapon.
  • Long-range strike capability : The BrahMos missile has a range of around 300 km, which gives India the capability to strike targets far beyond its borders. This makes it an important weapon for power projection and to defend against potential attacks.
  • Versatility: The BrahMos missile can be launched from land, air, and sea-based platforms, giving it a high degree of versatility. This means that it can be deployed in a wide range of scenarios and can be tailored to meet specific operational requirements.
  • Indigenous development : The BrahMos missile has been jointly developed by India and Russia, but a large part of the missile’s components are manufactured in India. This has given India the capability to produce high-tech weaponry domestically, which is a significant strategic advantage.
  • Export potential : The BrahMos missile is in high demand from other countries, including Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines. This provides India with an opportunity to expand its strategic partnerships and enhance its defense exports.

India Sold BrahMos Missiles To Philippines

Philippines has signed a contract with India to purchase BrahMos missiles, making it the first international customer for the missile system. India has already delivered first few consignments of the missile and Philippines navy personnel has already undergone training in India.

This is a significant development for both countries, as it underscores India’s growing defense ties with Southeast Asian countries and reflects the Philippines’ efforts to modernize its defense capabilities in the face of growing security challenges in the region.

The acquisition of the BrahMos missile system will give the Philippines a potent weapon against potential threats in the region, particularly China’s assertiveness in the South China Sea. The missile’s high speed, range, and accuracy make it a formidable weapon, capable of hitting targets deep within enemy territory.

India Sold BrahMos Missiles To Philippines

Regarding the possible deployment of the BrahMos missile in the South China Sea, it would depend on several factors, including the Philippines’ defense needs and threat perception, as well as the broader geopolitical context of the region. Any such deployment would likely be viewed as a provocation by China and could escalate tensions in the region.

The sale of the BrahMos missile to the Philippines reflects India’s growing defense exports and expanding strategic partnerships in the region. It also highlights the Philippines’ efforts to enhance its defense capabilities and deter potential threats in the region.

BrahMos Aerospace

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India delivers BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to Philippines

Manila [Philippines], April 19 (ANI): India delivered the BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines on Friday, as part of the USD 375 million deal between the two sides signed in 2022.

The Indian Air Force sent its American origin C-17 Globemaster transport aircraft with the missiles to the Philippines to deliver the weapon system to the Philippines’ Marine Corps, according to the defence sources.

The export of ground systems for the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile system along with the missiles started last month itself, they said.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

The Philippines is taking delivery of the missile systems at a time when tensions between them and China have escalated owing to frequent clashes in the South China Sea. The three batteries of the BrahMos missile system would be deployed by the Philippines in their coastal areas to guard against any threat in the region.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

The deal has been cleared with multiple approvals from partner nations in the programme.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

The BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, a joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russian Federation’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya, is said to be one of the most successful missile programs in the world. Acknowledged as the foremost and swiftest precision-guided weapon on a global scale, BRAHMOS has played a pivotal role in enhancing India’s deterrence capabilities.

The Indian Army has integrated multiple BrahMos regiments into its arsenal since 2007. (ANI)

This report is auto-generated from ANI news service. ThePrint holds no responsibility for its content.

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India successfully test fires the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world

India successfully test fires the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world

  • BrahMos missile successfully tested its ‘life extension’ technology this morning.
  • It’s the first missile in the India’s war chest to have its life extended.
  • BrahMos also happens to be the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile .
The successful test will result in huge savings of replacement cost of missiles held in the inventory of Indian Armed Forces. 2/2 — Raksha Mantri (@DefenceMinIndia) May 21, 2018

supersonic cruise missile in the world

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India successfully test fires the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world

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Brahmos missile: the fastest missile in the world.

supersonic cruise missile in the world

Introduction to the BrahMos missile.

The BrahMos missile is a supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by India and Russia. The missile derives its name from India's and Russia's Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers. It is one of the fastest cruise missiles in the world, capable of reaching speeds of up to Mach 3 or three times the speed of sound.

The BrahMos missile was first test-fired in 2001 and has since been inducted into the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Russian military. It is a versatile missile system that can be launched from multiple platforms, including ships, submarines, aircraft, and land-based launchers. The missile has a range of up to 290 km and can carry a conventional warhead of up to 300 kg.

The BrahMos missile is known for its high accuracy and precision strike capability. It is an effective weapon against various targets, including ships, ground-based targets, and even high-value ones like aircraft carriers. It is also known for its advanced features, including a steep dive capability and a maneuverable terminal phase, which make it difficult to intercept and defend against.

The development and deployment of the BrahMos missile have strengthened the strategic partnership between India and Russia and have enhanced India's defense capabilities in the region. The missile has also generated significant interest from other countries worldwide, including Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines, which have expressed interest in acquiring the missile system.

The technology behind the missile's speed and range.

The BrahMos missile's speed and range are attributed to its advanced technology and design features, which include:

Ramjet engine:  The missile is powered by a ramjet engine, which uses its forward motion to compress incoming air and mix it with fuel for combustion. This allows the missile to travel faster and farther than conventional cruise missiles, which use turbojet or turbofan engines.

Aerodynamic design:  The missile minimizes air resistance and drag, allowing it to achieve higher speeds and longer ranges.

Composite materials:  The missile's airframe is made of composite materials that are lighter and stronger than traditional metal alloys. This reduces the missile's weight and allows it to carry a larger payload.

Digital flight control system:  The missile is equipped with a digital flight control system to maintain its trajectory and speed, even in adverse weather conditions or when encountering obstacles.

Terminal guidance system:  The missile is equipped with an advanced terminal guidance system to strike its target with high precision accuracy.

Stealth features:  The missile has stealth features, such as reduced radar cross-section and infrared signature, which make it difficult to detect and intercept enemy defenses.

The combination of these advanced technology and design features enables the BrahMos missile to achieve its high speed and long-range capabilities, making it one of the most advanced cruise missiles in the world.

The missile's capabilities and uses.

The BrahMos missile is a highly capable weapon system with various features and uses. Some of the key capabilities and uses of the missile include:

High speed and long-range:  The BrahMos missile can reach speeds of up to Mach 3 and has a range of up to 290 km, making it one of the fastest and longest-range cruise missiles in the world.

Versatile platform:  The missile can be launched from multiple platforms, including land-based launchers, ships, submarines, and aircraft.

Precision strike capability:  The missile has a high degree of accuracy and precision strike capability, making it an effective weapon against a variety of targets, including ships, ground-based targets, and even high-value targets such as aircraft carriers.

Multiple warhead options:  The missile can carry a variety of warhead options, including conventional, nuclear, and submunition warheads.

Maneuverable terminal phase:  The missile is equipped with a maneuverable terminal phase, which makes it difficult to intercept and defend against.

Steep dive capability:  The missile can perform a steep dive maneuver, which allows it to avoid enemy air defenses and strike targets in complex terrain.

Anti-ship capability:  The missile is designed to be effective against ships and naval targets, making it an important asset for naval operations.

The BrahMos missile's advanced capabilities and features make it a versatile and effective weapon system for various uses and scenarios. Its deployment and use by the Indian military have strengthened India's defense capabilities and enhanced its regional strategic position.

The development and production of the BrahMos missile.

The BrahMos missile results from a joint venture between India's Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia. The project was initiated in 1998 to develop a supersonic cruise missile that could be launched from land, sea, and air platforms.

The development of the missile was completed in just four years, and the first successful test flight was conducted in 2001. The missile was named after the Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers in India and Russia, respectively.

The BrahMos missile is manufactured by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture company between India's Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia. The company was established in 1998 and is responsible for the missile's design, development, and production.

The missile production is carried out at multiple facilities in India and Russia. The Indian facilities include a production unit in Hyderabad and an assembly complex in Thiruvananthapuram. The Russian facilities include a Moscow production plant and a Nizhny Novgorod assembly plant.

The BrahMos missile is currently in service with the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Russian military. It has been successfully deployed in various missions and operations, including anti-ship strikes, ground-based attacks, and naval operations.

The development and production of the BrahMos missile have strengthened the strategic partnership between India and Russia and have enhanced India's defense capabilities in the region. The missile has also generated significant interest from other countries worldwide, which have expressed interest in acquiring the missile system.

The future of the BrahMos missile and its potential impact on global defense.

The future of the BrahMos missile is promising, with ongoing efforts to improve and expand its capabilities. Some of the key developments and potential impacts of the missile on global defense include:

Hypersonic version:  BrahMos Aerospace is currently developing a hypersonic version of the missile, which is expected to have a speed of Mach 7 and a range of up to 500 km. The hypersonic version of the missile is expected to significantly enhance India's strategic capabilities and could have a major impact on global defense.

Expanded export market:  BrahMos Aerospace has expressed interest in expanding the export market for the missile, with several countries, including the Philippines and Vietnam, reportedly interested in acquiring the missile system. This could increase India's regional influence and strengthen its strategic partnerships with these countries.

Naval applications:  The BrahMos missile is increasingly being used in naval applications, with the Indian Navy reportedly considering the integration of the missile on its next-generation submarines. The missile's anti-ship capabilities make it a valuable asset for naval operations, and its integration into submarines would significantly enhance India's maritime capabilities.

Interoperability:  BrahMos Aerospace is also developing a missile version that can be integrated with other platforms, including aircraft and unmanned systems. This could enhance the missile's interoperability with other military systems and significantly impact future defense operations.

Overall, the continued development and expansion of the BrahMos missile system are expected to impact global defense significantly. The missile's advanced capabilities, including its high speed, long-range, and precision strike capability, make it a valuable asset for various military operations and scenarios. As the missile evolves and improves, it will likely play an increasingly important role in India's defense strategy. It could become a major player in the global defense industry.

The BrahMos missile stands as a testament to the successful collaboration between India and Russia in the field of defense technology. With its remarkable speed, precision, and versatility, it has earned its reputation as one of the fastest and most advanced cruise missiles globally. The missile's deployment across land, sea, and air platforms has enhanced India's defense capabilities significantly and bolstered its regional strategic position.

As we look to the future, the BrahMos missile's potential for growth and impact on global defense cannot be understated. The development of a hypersonic version with even greater speed and range has the potential to reshape strategic dynamics. Additionally, its expanding export market and naval applications suggest that it will continue to play a pivotal role in India's defense strategy and global defense operations.

The BrahMos missile is a testament to the power of international collaboration in advancing defense technology. It serves as a reminder that innovation knows no boundaries and that partnerships between nations can lead to groundbreaking achievements in the field of military capabilities.

Frequently Asked Questions

How did the BrahMos missile get its name?

The name "BrahMos" is a combination of the names of two rivers: the Brahmaputra in India and the Moskva in Russia, symbolizing the collaboration between the two countries.

What makes the BrahMos missile different from other cruise missiles?

The BrahMos missile's key differentiators are its exceptional speed (Mach 3), versatility across multiple platforms, high accuracy, and precision strike capability.

What is the significance of the hypersonic version of the BrahMos missile?

The hypersonic version, with its projected speed of Mach 7 and extended range, is expected to significantly enhance India's strategic capabilities and have a substantial impact on global defense.

How does the BrahMos missile contribute to India's defense strategy?

The BrahMos missile strengthens India's defense posture by providing a highly effective and versatile weapon system for various military operations, including anti-ship strikes, ground-based attacks, and naval operations.

What are the potential implications of the BrahMos missile's interoperability with other platforms?

The missile's interoperability with aircraft and unmanned systems could enhance its adaptability and effectiveness in various military scenarios, contributing to India's defense strategy and global defense operations.

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How India’s BrahMos missile is alluring the world

India is all set to deliver BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines. Other countries, including in West Asia and Africa, have reportedly shown interest in the projectiles. Let’s trace the journey of these weapons and what makes them stand out

How India’s BrahMos missile is alluring the world

The demand for India’s BrahMos missile is rising in the world. While the supersonic cruise missile will be delivered to the Philippines by March, reports have surfaced that BrahMos Aerospace – an Indo-Russia joint venture – is in talks to sell BrahMos to Saudi Arabia.

Indonesian president-elect Prabowo Subianto is keen on buying the BrahMos missiles, as per an Economic Times (ET) report. BrahMos cruise missiles and other defence goods have also been offered by New Delhi to Vietnam.

India has set a target of achieving defence exports of Rs 35,000 crore by 2025. The sale of these missiles could play a significant role in that. As countries show interest in BrahMos, let’s trace the incredible journey of the supersonic cruise missiles.

The origin of the BrahMos missile

By the early 1990s, India felt the need for cruise missiles, which are strategic guided missiles that travel most of their flight path at nearly constant speed and deliver warheads to carry out precision strikes.

After cruise missiles were deployed in the Gulf War, New Delhi believed it was necessary to arm the country with a cruise missile system.

Eventually, an Inter-Governmental Agreement was signed between Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, the then Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) chief, and then Russian deputy defence minister NV Mikhailov in Moscow in February 1998.

The name BrahMos has been derived from the Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers. The 1998 pact resulted in the creation of BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture between DRDO and NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM). The aim was to design, develop and manufacture the supersonic cruise missile system.

On 12 June 2001, the BrahMos missile was first tested from a land-based launcher in Odisha’s Chandipur. Since then, it has been upgraded multiple times with various versions of the missile being launched.

Features of BrahMos missile

According to the Brahmos Aerospace website, Brahmos is a “two-stage missile with solid propellant booster as its first stage” and liquid ramjet as the second stage.

Cruise missiles like BrahMos are ‘standoff range weapons’, meaning they are fired from such a distance from the target that helps it avoid defensive fire from the adversary.

The original flight range of BrahMos was 290 kilometres. The versions of the missile are being tested to have an extended range of around 400 kilometres, as per Indian Express . More versions with higher ranges, including up to 800 km, are also being developed.

The Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force carry out tests of different versions of the missile regularly.

The BrahMos missile has a low radar signature and a high supersonic speed throughout its flight. It is a ‘fire and forget’ type of missile that can achieve a cruising altitude of up to 15 km and a terminal altitude as low as 10 metres.

Compared to subsonic cruise missiles, BrahMos has three times more speed and 2.5 times flight range. Versions of the BrahMos missile that can be launched from land, warships, submarines and Sukhoi-30 fighter jets have already been developed. These projectiles can hit surface and sea-based targets.

Last November, the Indian Navy successfully test-fired an extended-range BrahMos missile from its warship in the Bay of Bengal. Launched from a stealth destroyer by the eastern fleet, the projectile precisely hit its target, paving the way for its induction into the Indian Navy, as per The New Indian Express (TNIE).

ALSO READ : Why does India want to contain China in the South China Sea?

What makes BrahMos special?

The BrahMos is gaining popularity in international markets, including in Southeast Asia and Africa. Several countries in West Asia have also reportedly shown interest.

Speaking to Sputnik India about the growing global allure of BrahMos, Indian Navy veteran Seshadri Vasan explained, “BrahMos is the world’s ‘Supersonic Darling’ because once it goes into supersonic mode with Mach-3 speed, it gives very little time to the enemy to respond or react to an attack from the missile”.

BrahMos Aerospace recently disclosed that the portfolio of orders for the missile has touched the $7 billion mark. “The portfolio of orders of BrahMos has already reached $7 billion, which includes both Indian and export orders,” Pravin Pathak, the company’s export director, said at the World Defence Show in Riyadh earlier this month.

So, what makes BrahMos special? According to senior DRDO scientists, the missile system’s preciseness and versatility make it unparallel, reported Indian Express.

“In addition to the multi-dimensional capabilities of the BrahMos, whenever India has carried out a test, it has given 100 percent results,” Vasan told Sputnik India.

A former DRDO scientist believes the features of BrahMos projectile make it stand out. “One would not find any parallel to the BrahMos and whichever armed forces would have it in their arsenal, it would give them a cutting edge over their adversaries,” retired DRDO scientist Ravi Gupta told Sputnik India.

“Moreover, the cost of production of a missile in India is much less than in most countries. When one considers the price of the BrahMos coupled with its technological superiority, it is a highly potent weapon for foreign nations to acquire from the South Asian country,” he added.

As India tries to boost its defence exports, BrahMos missiles can help the country in achieving its goals and going much beyond.

With inputs from agencies

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India delivers first batch of BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines

'Game-changing' move also marks a key military export milestone for India

Brahmos cruise missiles arrive in Manila

Manila: India has recently delivered the first batch of its supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines. An Indian Air Force C 17 Globemaster III aircraft landed alongside an Ilyushin C72 cargo plane loaded with the first batch of BrahMos missiles on Friday.

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It will be dispatched under a $375-million contract inked in 2022 and marks a key military export milestone, as India delivered the first batch of BrahMos cruise attack missiles to another country.

The Philippine Navy plans to implement the BrahMos cruise missile system for its Shore-Based Anti-Ship Missile System (SBASMS).

'Game-changer'

The Philippines has ordered three BrahMos batteries with supersonic cruise speed of Mach 2.8, nearly 3 times the speed of sound – seen as a “game changer”. After landing in the Philippines, the Indian team members were seen distributiing sweets to their Filipino counterparts.

The delivery of the Indian-made missile system would bring the Philippines' military capability to the “supersonic” missile era, says a Manila-based defence expert.

NSC Assistant Director General Jonathan Malaya told the Philippine News Agency that the weapon system would greatly enhance to national security.

“For the first time in our history, the Philippines will have three batteries of supersonic cruise missiles that have a speed of (Mach 2.8) or almost 3x (times) the speed of sound," Malaya said.

He also called the BrahMos cruise missile system acquisition a “landmark development in our modernisation programme” that would significantly increase the capacity of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, the Philippine Navy and the Philippine Marine Corps in addressing threats to the country's territorial integrity.

Malaya said that the BrahMos, the country's first shore-based anti-ship missile system, bolsters calls of the Marcos administration's national security policy for a credible defence posture.

"With this acquisition, we can no longer be considered the weakest Armed Forces in the region. We have now become a middle power in the region," he added.

The weapon platform is expected to enhance the Philippine military’s coastal and island defence operations, specically in sea control, anti-access/area-denial (A2/AD), and coastal defence operations.

The 18.9-billion-peso contract was signed in a virtual ceremony at Philippine defence headquarters at Camp Aguinaldo in Manila in January 2022.

In 2023, Philippine Navy personnel were awarded their interim missile badges and pins by the Indian Navy Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral Radhakrishnan Hari Kumar, after completing their training in India as operators of the BrahMos.

In March, both the Philippines and India further pledged to enhance their defence cooperation during a visit led by Indian Minister of External Affairs Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar to the DND headquarters in Camp Aguinaldo, Quezon City.

The BrahMos missile was developed from Russia's NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM) P-800 Oniks cruise missile family through a joint venture between NPOM and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), known as BrahMos Aerospace.

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supersonic cruise missile in the world

India Sent BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missiles to China's Doorstep

Summary: India has begun delivering BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines as part of a $375 million deal, enhancing Manila's defensive capabilities amid rising tensions with China in the South China Sea.

-The BrahMos, developed jointly by India and Russia, can reach speeds close to Mach 3 and has a range of 290 kilometers. This transfer marks a significant step in defense cooperation between India and the Philippines, aimed at countering China's assertive regional posture.

-The missile's arrival also coincides with ongoing disputes over the Spratly Islands, with China expressing disapproval of the arms deal.

India Delivers BrahMos Missiles to the Philippines, Bolstering Defense Amid South China Sea Tensions

Much has been made about China's land-based missiles that can strike targets throughout the Indo-Pacific. But Beijing’s regional rivals don’t completely lack a response. Indeed, this month, India started delivering BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines.

Manila acquired the Indian-made missiles under a $375 million deal signed in 2022, Voice of America reported. 

"Now we are also exporting BrahMos missiles. The first batch of this missile is going to the Philippines today,” Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said Friday at an election rally.

India and the Philippines have ramped up defense cooperation to counter an increasingly assertive China.

The BrahMos – Russian Origins

The BrahMos, designated as the PJ-10, is a medium-range, ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, fighter aircraft, or a ground-based Transporter Erector Launcher. The missile, which is based on the P-800 Oniks, was developed as part of a joint venture between the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization and the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroyeniya, which formed BrahMos Aerospace. The company took its name from the Brahmaputra River in India and the Moskva in Russia.

More than 85% of the hardware is manufactured in India. According to BrahMos Aerospace , it is a two-stage missile. A solid propellant booster engine is its first stage, bringing the missile to supersonic speed before separating. Its liquid ramjet, the second stage, takes the missile close to Mach 3 in the cruise phase. It is also equipped with stealth technology and a guidance system with advanced embedded software.

The missile has a flight range of up to 290 kilometers (180 miles). Supersonic speed throughout the flight leads to a short flight time and lower dispersion of targets. Its destructive power is further enhanced by its large kinetic energy on impact, and the BrahMos can carry a conventional warhead weighing between 200 and 300 kilograms (440 and 660 pounds).

Now in the Philippines

The first batch of BrahMos cruise missiles arrived at Clark International Airport north of Manila on Friday. The missiles were handed over to the Philippine military to be deployed at an undisclosed location within the country's archipelagic territory.

As Newsweek reported , the high-profile arms transfer comes amid a simmering Philippines-China dispute over the Spratly Islands archipelago in the South China Sea, where the Chinese and Philippine coast guards have clashed over territorial features claimed by both sides. Beijing asserts historical rights to all of the region's islands and reefs, claiming vast maritime zones in the process. However, Manila also lays claim to territories and traditional fishing grounds within its exclusive economic zone in an area it calls the West Philippine Sea.

Beijing has been quite vocal in its disapproval of the missile transfer.

"The South China Sea issue is a matter between China and some ASEAN countries. China maintains that maritime disputes should be handled properly with countries directly concerned through negotiation and consultation," Liu Pengyu, a spokesperson for the Chinese Embassy in Washington, D.C., told Newsweek in an email.  

The BrahMos could make it harder for Beijing to employ gunboat diplomacy.

Author Experience and Expertise: Peter Suciu 

Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer. He has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers, and websites with over 3,200 published pieces over a twenty-year career in journalism. He regularly writes about military hardware, firearms history, cybersecurity, politics, and international affairs. Peter is also a Contributing Writer for Forbes and Clearance Jobs . You can follow him on Twitter: @PeterSuciu . You can email the author: [email protected] .

BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missiles

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'Should not harm...': China's guarded response to India's BrahMos missiles delivery to Philippines

India on Friday delivered the first batch of BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines as part of a $375 million deal struck in 2022. China is currently locked in a conflict with the Philippines over maritime disputes in the South China Sea.

Aveek Banerjee

China is currently embroiled in a heated conflict with the Philippines over their territorial claims in the South China Sea, with both countries trading accusations over a series of maritime run-ins. China claims almost the entire South China Sea, a conduit for more than $3 trillion of annual ship-borne commerce, including parts claimed by the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.

BrahMos Aerospace Pvt Ltd, an India-Russian joint venture, produces supersonic cruise missiles that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or land platforms. BrahMos missile flies at a speed of 2.8 Mach or almost three times the speed of sound. In January 2022, India sealed a deal with the Philippines to supply three batteries of the missile. It is the first export of the BrahMos missile by India. A few other countries including Argentina have also shown interest in procuring BrahMos missiles from India. 

What was China's response?

Addressing a media briefing, Chinese Defence Ministry spokesperson Wu Qian said, "China always believes that defence and security cooperation between countries should not harm the interest of any third party and should not harm regional peace and stability." Wu also criticised the US for deploying medium-range ballistic missiles in the Philippines this month amid regional tensions.

The deployment of the MRC missile system, also known as the Typhon system, to the Indo-Pacific theatre comes amid a series of US-Philippine military exercises, including the largest-ever edition of the annual bilateral Balikatan drills beginning early this week. The 1,600-km mid-range capability missiles which were deployed in northern Luzon of the Philippines could reach China's coast.

"China firmly opposes the US deployment of medium-range ballistic missiles in the Asia-Pacific. Our position is clear and consistent. The US' move severely threatens the security of regional countries and undermines regional peace and stability," Wu said. "We hope the relevant country could refrain from opening the door to the devil, which will only end up hurting everyone including itself."

Why is India exporting missiles to the Philippines?

India has been looking at further expanding defence ties with the Philippines against the backdrop of growing global concerns over China's increasing military assertiveness in the South China Sea. The Indian and US missile deliveries arrived in the Philippines as Manila was locked in a bitter naval standoff with the Chinese navy in the South China Sea.

Philippines' claim over the 200-mile Scarborough Shoal lies was upheld by an arbitration decision in 2016 under the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. However, China refused to recognise the 2016 arbitration ruling amid tense standoffs in the region. Chinese coast guard ships have also blocked Filipino government vessels delivering supplies and personnel to the Second Thomas Shoal, resulting in near-collisions that the Philippine government has condemned and protested.

India will also post its defence officials in countries including Ethiopia, Mozambique, Ivory Coast, Philippines, Armenia and Poland in line with its broader policy initiative to expand strategic ties with key regions. The decision to appoint defence attaches in African countries like Ethiopia, Mozambique and Ivory Coast is in sync with New Delhi's priority to expand its strategic engagement with the African continent, according to an official.

Notably, in recent years, India has been positioning itself as a leading voice, flagging concerns, challenges and aspirations of the Global South or the developing nations, especially the African continent. It is also learnt that New Delhi is planning to rationalise the strength of its teams of military officials in its embassy in Moscow and high commission in London.

(with inputs from agencies)

ALSO READ |  BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles delivered to Philippines by India

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Congress, Haryana, Candidates list, Lok Sabha elections 2024

Congress releases list of 8 candidates for Haryana, fields Deepender Singh Hooda from Rohtak

Tripura, BSF jawan dies, bsf jawan dies in accidental shooting, bsf jawan dies from his own gun in U

Tripura: BSF jawan dies in accidental shooting from his own gun in Unakoti district

rahul gandhi, Defamation case, Jharkhand High Court, Jharkhand High Court grants stay on Rahul Gandh

Defamation case: Jharkhand High Court grants stay on Rahul Gandhi's appearance in Chaibasa court

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Husband has no control over wife's property, says Supreme Court

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NIA arrests key accused in connection with 2023 attack on Indian High Commission in London

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Lok Sabha Elections 2024 Phase 2

Lok Sabha Elections 2024: List of key candidates and contests in Phase 2

Lok Sabha Elections 2024

Lok Sabha Elections 2024 Phase 2: List of 88 constituencies, states, parties and candidates

Lok Sabha Elections, Nodia

Lok Sabha Elections 2024: What will remain open, closed in Noida, Ghaziabad on voting day | DETAILS

AAP leaders Sanjay Singh and Gopal Rai with others at the

Lok Sabha Elections 2024: AAP launches campaign song 'Jail Ka Jawab Vote Se' | VIDEO

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Faf du Plessis opens up after snapping losing streak in IPL 2024

RCB and SRH batters.

RCB break SRH's all-time batting record after second win of IPL 2024

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IPL Rising Star: Nitish Kumar Reddy, SRH sensation who could be the next big thing for India

SRH vs RCB

SRH vs RCB IPL 2024: Royal Challengers Bengaluru halt Hyderabad's run to keep playoff hopes alive

US, India, Australian journalist, Avani Dias, visa denial

US: Indian-origin woman arrested, banned from Princeton university, amid rising anti-Israel protests

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Laapataa Ladies ott release

Priyadarshan CONFIRMS his next with Akshay Kumar, reveals upcoming film's plot

heeramandi review

Heeramandi Review: Genelia D'Souza, Esha Deol among other B-town ladies laud Bhansali's new show

Salman Khan's case

Salman Khan firing case: Mumbai Crime Branch arrests 2 accused for supplying guns from Punjab

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After skipping festivities, Govinda finally lands at Arti Singh's wedding; where is Sunita Mami Ji?

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Abdul Razzaq.

Abdul Razzaq, Asad Shafique join Pakistan women's selection committee

Indonesian record-creator Rohmalia.

First time in 1839 WT20Is! Rohmalia achieves what no other cricketer has done in 20-over cricket

Abhay Sharma.

Uganda appoint Indian coach for success at ICC Men's T20 World Cup 2024

Cameron Green, Rajat Patidar and Rafael Nadal.

India TV Sports Wrap on April 26: Today's top 10 trending news stories

Samsung Galaxy Unpacked Event

Apple releases new AI model that can run on phones, laptops: Details here

Threads

Threads announces new notification controls, custom filters, more: Details here

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WhatsApp tells Delhi High Court it will 'exit India' if forced to break encryption

OnePlus 11

OnePlus ends support for one of its smartphone series: Here's why

Congress President Mallikarjun with Karnataka Chief

Why is Karnataka government at centre of controversy over Muslim reservation in OBC quota? Know here

UK, Rwanda deportation bill, Rishi Sunak

What is UK's Rwanda deportation bill and why is it such a big issue for Rishi Sunak? Explained

Maldives President Mohamed Muizzu while casting vote

Muizzu's party wins Maldives polls despite geopolitical turbulence: What does this mean for India?

Impact player rule has allowed teams to go hard with the

Imbalance between bat and ball? 3 reasons why impact player rule has overstayed its welcome

Iran Israel conflict, Iran Israel history

Iran and Israel: How the two countries went from allies to arch-enemies? History EXPLAINED

Horoscope Today, April 26

Horoscope Today, April 26: Full family support for Virgo; know about other zodiac signs

Horoscope for April 25

Horoscope Today, April 25: Marital bliss for Sagittarius; know about other zodiac signs

Horoscope Today, April 24

Horoscope Today, April 24: Day of enthusiasm for Pisces; know about other zodiac signs

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Horoscope Today, April 23: Capricorns to avoid unnecessary thinking; know about other zodiac signs

Horoscope Today, April 22

Horoscope Today, April 22: Luck will favour Pisces; know about other zodiac signs

Varicose Veins

Varicose Veins problem? Treat this condition with Ayurvedic therapies

Superfood Cucumber

Superfood Cucumber: Know THESE 5 benefits of Kheera

Horlicks

Horlicks rebranded as 'Functional Nutritional Drink' after dropping 'Health' label

Mosquito bite

Why malaria and dengue cases rise during summer? Know everything about skeeters and how to stay safe

Avian Flu Outbreak

Avian Flu outbreak in Ranchi: Know causes, symptoms and prevention tips of H5N1 flu

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hacks for summer heat

Feeling the summer heat? These 5 hacks can help to get relief

mango peel face mask

Want soft and supple skin in summer? Try a DIY mango peel face mask

white sneakers

Ensure your white sneakers stay gleaming with 5 simple cleaning hacks

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Garam Masala to Biriyani Masala: 5 spice mix to prepare at home

Stress-relief activities

Stress-relief activities tailored to your personality

IMAGES

  1. India successfully test fires the fastest supersonic cruise missile in

    supersonic cruise missile in the world

  2. Meet India's BrahMos II: The World's Fastest Supersonic Cruise Missile

    supersonic cruise missile in the world

  3. BRAHMOS Supersonic Cruise Missile

    supersonic cruise missile in the world

  4. BrahMos Missile

    supersonic cruise missile in the world

  5. Top 10 fastest CRUISE MISSILES in the World 2022

    supersonic cruise missile in the world

  6. BRAHMOS:- WORLD'S FASTEST SUPERSONIC CRUISE MISSILE NOW EQUIPPED WITH

    supersonic cruise missile in the world

VIDEO

  1. Chinese supersonic anti-ship cruise missile

  2. Supersonic cruise missile VS Subsonic cruise missile

  3. BrahMos supersonic Missile #india #russia #drdo

  4. The Most Deadly Missile In History 😱 (Project Pluto)

  5. USA AIR FORCE TEST FIRES HYPERSONIC CRUISE MISSILE IN PACIFIC TO JOIN THE RACE WITH CHINA AND RUSSIA

  6. दुनिया की सबसे तेज Supersonic Cruise Missile Brahmos से उड़े China और Pakistan के होश

COMMENTS

  1. US tests hypersonic missile in Pacific as it aims to keep up with ...

    A US Air Force general said in 2021 that China had tested a hypersonic glide vehicle weapon that "went around the world," while Russia fired a Zircon hypersonic cruise missile against Ukraine ...

  2. BrahMos

    The BrahMos (also designated as PJ-10) is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, fighter aircraft or TEL. It is a joint venture between the Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroyeniya, who together have formed BrahMos Aerospace. The missile is based on P-800 Oniks.

  3. What Are Hypersonic Weapons and Who Has Them?

    FILE - A Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile is launched from the Russian guided missile frigate Admiral Gorshkov during a test in the White Sea, in this still image taken from video released Oct. 7 ...

  4. Cruise missile

    In 1944, during World War II, Germany deployed the first operational cruise missiles. ... The Indian Army's BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles mounted on Mobile Autonomous Launchers (MAL) India and Russia have jointly developed the supersonic cruise missile BrahMos. There are three versions of the Brahmos: ship/land-launched, air-launched, and ...

  5. Hypersonic weapon

    An Air-Launched Rapid Response Weapon (ARRW) carried by a B-52 bomber Scramjet-powered hypersonic cruise missile. A hypersonic weapon is a weapon capable of travelling at hypersonic speed, defined as between 5 and 25 times the speed of sound or about 1 to 5 miles per second (1.6 to 8.0 km/s).. Below such speeds, weapons would be characterized as subsonic or supersonic, while above such speeds ...

  6. U.S. successfully flight tests Raytheon hypersonic weapon -Pentagon

    The United States has tested an air-breathing hypersonic weapon capable of speeds faster than five times the speed of sound, marking the first successful test of the class of weapon since 2013 ...

  7. Hypersonic and directed-energy weapons: Who has them, and who's winning

    The DF-17 is the first system of its type known to be operational in the world, although several other nations including the U.S. are developing similar systems. ... BrahMos supersonic missile ...

  8. The World's First Hypersonic Cruise Missile Will Fly in 2027

    Under the terms of the contract, the Pentagon should see the first operational missiles in 2027. A Royal Australian Air Force F/A-18F Super Hornet conducts a strafing run as part of Exercise ...

  9. BrahMos

    The BrahMos (PJ-10) is a short-range, ramjet powered, single warhead, supersonic anti-ship/land attack cruise missile developed and manufactured by India and Russia. BrahMos Development The BrahMos, which derives its name from the Brahmaputra and Moscow rivers in India and Russia, is based on the earlier Russian design for the SS-N-26 (3M55 Oniks/Yakhont/Bastion) cruise missile. In...

  10. BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile: Here Are 10 Things You Need To Know

    The BrahMos is the fastest cruise missile of its class in the world. BrahMos missile flies almost three times the speed of sound at Mach 2.8 and has a range of 290 km. The missile has been jointly ...

  11. Iran says it has technology to build supersonic cruise missile

    Iran said on Wednesday it has the technology to build supersonic cruise missile, Iranian state media reported, an announcement likely to heighten Western concerns about Tehran's missile capabilities.

  12. North Korea says it tested 'super-large' cruise missile warhead and new

    North Korea says it tested a "super-large" cruise missile warhead and a new anti-aircraft missile in a western coastal area as it expands its military capabilities in the face of deepening tensions with the United States and South Korea. ... More than half the world's population sees AP journalism every day. twitter instagram facebook The ...

  13. Which Countries have Hypersonic Missiles in 2024?

    However, the country also declared possession of the Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle. Moreover, news of ship-launched cruise missile development called the Tsirkon also was released. North Korea. North Korea reportedly conducted two hypersonic missile tests so far this year in 2022 and achieved successful outcomes.

  14. Brahmos Missile

    BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by India and Russia. It is considered one of the world's fastest cruise missiles and has a range of around 300 km. The missile is named after the Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers in India and Russia respectively. As for the next generation of BrahMos missile, the developers are currently ...

  15. Amid China tensions, India delivers supersonic cruise missiles to

    New Delhi —. India has begun delivery of supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines as the two countries tighten defense and strategic ties amid rising tensions between the East Asian nation ...

  16. India delivers BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to Philippines

    The BrahMos supersonic cruise missile, a joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroyeniya, is said to be one of the most successful missile programs in the world. Acknowledged as the foremost and swiftest precision-guided weapon on a global scale, BRAHMOS has played ...

  17. India successfully test fires the fastest supersonic cruise missile in

    This was a fortunate result of India gaining full membership to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). BrahMos is currently the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world. Its various ...

  18. List of cruise missiles

    The following is a list of cruise missiles. It doesn't include the specifically anti-ship missiles whose list is separate. Missile Type Country Max. range Max. Speed (Mach) Mass Warhead Warhead type Status Note AV-TM 300: Surface-to-surface missile ... Supersonic air-to-surface

  19. BrahMos Missile: The Fastest Missile in the World

    The BrahMos missile is a supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by India and Russia. The missile derives its name from India's and Russia's Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers. It is one of the fastest cruise missiles in the world, capable of reaching speeds of up to Mach 3 or three times the speed of sound.

  20. Supersonic Naval Cruise Missile For Norway, Germany In The Works

    There are supersonic cruise missiles already in service, like Russia's P-800 Oniks (and the BrahMos derivative co-developed with India) and China's YJ-12, which both present threats and have been ...

  21. How India's BrahMos missile is alluring the world

    The BrahMos missile has a low radar signature and a high supersonic speed throughout its flight. It is a 'fire and forget' type of missile that can achieve a cruising altitude of up to 15 km and a terminal altitude as low as 10 metres. Compared to subsonic cruise missiles, BrahMos has three times more speed and 2.5 times flight range.

  22. BrahMos: Building world's "fastest supersonic cruise missile", future

    BrahMos is said to be the world's "fastest supersonic cruise missile" - and it is the frontline weapon for all the three arms - Indian Navy, Indian Army and the Indian Air Force.

  23. India delivers first batch of BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the

    "For the first time in our history, the Philippines will have three batteries of supersonic cruise missiles that have a speed of (Mach 2.8) or almost 3x (times) the speed of sound," Malaya said.

  24. India Sent BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missiles to China's Doorstep

    The BrahMos, designated as the PJ-10, is a medium-range, ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, fighter aircraft, or a ground-based Transporter Erector Launcher.

  25. Top 10 most powerful supersonic cruise missiles in the world

    Top 10 most powerful supersonic cruise missiles in the world with long-range capability, ability to stealth magic and difficult flight paths.SUB : https://go...

  26. 'Should not harm...': China's guarded response to India's BrahMos

    India on Friday delivered the first batch of BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles to the Philippines as part of a $375 million deal struck in 2022. China is currently locked in a conflict with the ...