Travel, Tourism & Hospitality

Travel and tourism industry in Egypt - Statistics & Facts

Egypt's fascinating history, interesting culture and breathtaking beaches established it as a well recognized travel destination around the world. Tourists visit Egypt to enjoy various types of activities, yet cultural tourism remains the most popular one. Egypt was ranked third amongst the Middle Eastern countries with the most international tourist arrivals, receiving more than eight million arrivals in 2017 , after Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates who also witnessed their fair share of tourism. The Travel and tourism industry provides a substantial contribution to the Egyptian Economy, with a total contribution of 374.6 billion Egyptian pounds (EGP) to GDP, which is equivalent to a share of 11% of the GDP in 2017. The industry is estimated to make a total contribution of over 600 billion EGP to the Egyptian economy in 2028. The direct contribution of travel and tourism to the GDP in Egypt was close to 200 billion EGP in 2017, and is estimated to rise by 4.5 percent from 2018 to 2028 to 289.7 billion EGP. This reflects an increase in the level of economic activity created by industries such as hotels, travel agents and airlines, including the activities of the restaurant and leisure industries directly benefited by tourism. The industry also had a considerable effect on employment, in 2017, where the sector directly contributed with more than 1.09 million jobs. In 2016, Egypt experienced the lowest number of tourist arrivals after the crash of the Russian plane in 2015. The figures for the year 2017 show that the tourism sector is on the rise again following its decline in the aftermath of the 2011 political uprising. In 2017, the number of tourist arrivals was over to eight million, down from 14.05 million in 2010. In 2017, the highest number of tourist arrivals were from European countries with around five million tourists, followed by tourists from the Arab league member states and the United States. The political events in Egypt have drastically affected the occupancy rate of hotels and similar establishments in Egypt which suffered a fall from 76 percent in 2008 to 31 percent in 2016. In January 2018, Rania Al-Mashat was appointed Egypt’s first female Tourism Minister. Since then, Egypt has adopted a comprehensive plan to reform its tourism industry and intensified its efforts in promoting sustainable tourism, receiving the Global Champion Award from the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) in April 2019. This text provides general information. Statista assumes no liability for the information given being complete or correct. Due to varying update cycles, statistics can display more up-to-date data than referenced in the text. Show more Saifaddin Galal Research Expert North Africa Get in touch with us now Published by Saifaddin Galal , Feb 22, 2024

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Current statistics on this topic.

Real contribution of travel and tourism to GDP in Egypt 2012-2028

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20 Top-Rated Attractions & Places to Visit in Egypt

Written by Jess Lee Updated Oct 16, 2023

Home of the ancient Pharaohs, Egypt is a destination full of dazzling temples and tombs that wow all who visit. It's not all historic treasures and tourist attractions, though. With vast tracts of desert for 4WD adventures, the Red Sea's world-class coral reefs and wrecks for divers, and cruising on the famed Nile River, there are plenty of things to do in Egypt for all types of travelers.

Beach lovers head to the Sinai or the Red Sea Coast to soak up the sun, while archaeology fans will have a field day in Luxor.

Cairo is the megalopolis that can't be beaten for city slickers, while Siwa oasis and the southern town of Aswan offer a slice of the slow pace of the countryside.

With so much to see and do, Egypt offers visitors a chance to create itineraries that combine culture, adventure, and relaxation all on one trip.

Plan your sightseeing with our list of the top attractions and places to visit in Egypt.

1. Pyramids of Giza

2. luxor's temples & tombs, 3. cruising the nile, 5. abu simbel, 6. diving the red sea, 7. explore historic cairo, 8. south sinai's beach life, 10. egyptian museum, 11. white desert, 12. alexandria, 13. abydos temple, 14. siwa oasis, 15. st. catherine's monastery, 16. red sea beaches, 17. coptic cairo, 18. wadi al-hitan, 19. temple of hathor, 20. monastery of st. anthony.

Pyramids of Giza

The last surviving wonder of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Pyramids of Giza are one of the world's most recognizable landmarks.

Having awed travelers down through the ages, these tombs of the Pharaohs Khufu (Cheops), Khafre (Chephren), and Menkaure (Mycerinus), guarded by the enigmatic Sphinx, are usually top of most visitor's lists of tourist attractions to see in Egypt and often the first sight they head to after landing.

Today, sitting on the desert edge of Cairo's sprawl, these megalithic memorials to dead pharaohs are still as wondrous a sight as they ever were and an undeniable highlight of any Egypt trip.

To beat the crowds , get here around 7:30am and enter through the main Pyramid of Khufu site entrance (rather than the Sphinx entrance). This means you can have finished exploring the interior tunnels and burial chambers of the Pyramid of Khufu by the time the tour buses start pulling in at 8:15am.

Most visitors limit their site visit to the three pyramids and the Sphinx, but there is plenty more to see on the Giza Plateau. If you can, reserve time to explore the funerary complexes of the eastern cemetery (on the east side of the Pyramid of Khufu). The tombs of 6th dynasty high officials Qar and Idu and the tomb of Meresankh III (who was one of Pharaoh Khafre's wives) are all open to the public.

  • Read More: Pyramids of Giza: Attractions, Tips & Tours

Karnak Temple

Famed for the Valley of the Kings , Karnak Temple , and the Memorial Temple of Hatshepsut, the Nile-side town of Luxor in Upper Egypt has a glut of tourist attractions.

This is ancient Thebes, the power base of the New Kingdom pharaohs, and home to more sights than most can see on one visit.

Luxor's east bank is home to the modern city, with its vibrant souq; the two temples of Karnak and Luxor; and the museum. The west bank's lush farmland and barren cliffs are where the vast majority of Luxor's tourist attractions sit, with so many tomb and temple sights that it has been called the biggest open-air museum in the world.

Spend a few days here exploring the colorful wall art of the tombs and gazing in awe at the colossal columns in the temples, and you'll see why Luxor continues to fascinate historians and archaeologists.

The Valley of the Kings is one of Egypt's most visited sites but, if you are willing to get up extra early, you can beat the crowds . All of Luxor's archaeological sites open at 6am, but hardly any visitors (and no large tour operators) take advantage of this.

Kick off your sightseeing with a 6am start at the Valley of the Kings, and you'll get to experience the interiors of Luxor's famed New Kingdom tombs with hardly anyone else (except the handful of other wily early risers) there.

Cruising on the Nile at Luxor

Egypt is defined by the Nile. For many visitors, a multi-day cruise upon this famed waterway that saw the rise of the Pharaonic era is a highlight of their Egypt trip.

Cruising the Nile is also the most relaxing way to see the temples that stud the banks of the river on the route between Luxor and Aswan, plus sunrise and sunset over the date-palm-studded river banks, backed by sand dunes, is one of Egypt's most tranquil vistas.

The two famous sights on a Nile Cruise are the Temple of Kom Ombo and Edfu's Temple of Horus , where all the big cruise boats stop.

If you'd prefer a less crowded and slower experience, though, and don't mind "roughing it" a bit, you can also cruise the Nile by felucca (Egypt's traditional lateen-sailed wooden boats), which also allows you to create your own itinerary.

The vast amount of cruise boat itineraries depart from either Luxor or Aswan, but feluccas can only be chartered for multi-day trips from Aswan.

Feluccas on the Nile at Aswan

Egypt's most tranquil town is Aswan, set upon the winding curves of the Nile. Backed by orange-hued dunes, this is the perfect place to stop and unwind for a few days and soak up the chilled-out atmosphere.

Take the river ferry across to Elephantine Island and stroll the colorful streets of the Nubian villages. Then ride a camel to the desert monastery of St. Simeon on Aswan's east bank. Afterwards, relax in one of the riverboat restaurants while watching the lateen-sailed feluccas drift past.

Make sure to jump aboard a felucca at sunset to sail around Aswan's islands. This is by far, Aswan's most popular activity and the most relaxing way to take in the local sights.

There are plenty of historic sites here and numerous temples nearby, including Philae Temple on its island, but one of Aswan's most popular things to do is simply kicking back and watching the river life go by.

Abu Simbel

Even in a country festooned with temples, Abu Simbel is something special. This is Ramses II's great temple, adorned with colossal statuary standing guard outside, and with an interior sumptuously decorated with wall paintings.

Justly famous for its megalithic proportions, Abu Simbel is also known for the incredible engineering feat carried out by UNESCO in the 1960s, which saw the entire temple moved from its original setting to save it from disappearing under the rising water of the Aswan Dam.

Today, exploring Abu Simbel is just as much about admiring the triumph of this international effort to save the temple complex as it is about gaping in wonder at Ramses II's awe-inspiring building works, itself.

Most people arrive in Abu Simbel on organized day trips from Aswan, which all have an early morning start to get to the temple complex at 8am or 9am.

After 11am, nearly everyone has cleared out and headed back to Aswan. To wander through Ramses II's colossal monument without the crowds, overnight in Abu Simbel village itself and visit the temples after midday.

Divers enjoying the underwater beauty of the Red Sea

Below the Red Sea's surface is another world as fascinating as the temples and tombs on land.

The coral reefs of the Red Sea are renowned among scuba divers for both the soft corals on display and the vast amount of sea life, ranging from colorful reef fish and nudibranchs to sharks, dolphins, turtles, rays, and even dugongs.

For divers, the most famous town to base yourself in is Sharm el-Sheikh on the Sinai Peninsula, closest to the reefs of Ras Mohammed National Park, as well as the reefs of the Straits of Tiran.

To dive the sites of the Straits of Gubal head to Hurghada or El Gouna on the Red Sea coast, while advanced divers should check out the resort of Marsa Alam, the nearest base for diving Egypt's "deep south" dive sites.

Thistlegorm wreck dive

As well as fish life and coral, the Red Sea is a major wreck-diving destination. The most famous wreck is the Thistlegorm, a British WWII cargo ship that was on its way to resupply Allied troops when it was bombed by the Germans in 1941.

Today the site is regarded by divers as one of the top five wreck dives in the world due to the vast cargo of cars, motorbikes, and WWII memorabilia that can be seen both scattered on the sea bed around the wreck and inside the ship itself.

Dive boat trips to the wreck are organized from both Sharm el-Sheikh and Hurghada.

The Red Sea offers year-round diving but for the calmest sea conditions and best underwater visibility, July and August are the best months . This is high summer in Egypt though with its accompanying sweltering on-land temperatures. If your Egypt trip doesn't solely revolve around diving, it's still best to avoid these months.

Read More: Diving in the Red Sea: Best Dive Sites

Islamic Cairo

The atmospheric, narrow lanes of the capital's Historic Cairo district are crammed full of mosques, madrassas (Islamic schools of learning), and monuments dating from the Fatimid through to the Mameluke eras.

This is where you'll find the labyrinth shopping souq of Khan el-Khalili, where coppersmiths and artisans still have their tiny workshops, and stalls are laden with ceramics, textiles, spice, and perfume.

Surrounding the market is a muddle of roads, home to some of the most beautiful preserved architecture of the old Islamic empires.

There is a wealth of history here to explore. Visit Al-Azhar Mosque and the dazzling Sultan Hassan Mosque , and make sure to climb up to the roof of the ancient medieval gate of Bab Zuweila for the best minaret-speckled panoramas across the district.

Mornings are the best time to visit this district as the narrow lanes are at their quietest. If you're planning to visit the area's mosques though, avoid visiting on Fridays (the Muslim holy day) . If you want to enter mosques as a tourist, dress conservatively (covering arms and legs) and bring along a scarf to throw over your head if you're female.

Keen shoppers should head to Khan el-Khalili in the evening: the shops here are all open until late and the souq is at its most vibrant after dark.

  • Read More: Top Tourist Attractions in Cairo & Easy Day Trips

South Sinai

Egypt's South Sinai region, on the Sinai Peninsula, offers a beach for every type of traveler.

Sharm el-Sheikh is a European-style resort town packed full of luxury hotels, international restaurants, and bags of entertainment options. A favorite with Europeans on winter-sun vacations, many of the resorts here cater to families on one- or two-week sun-and-sand breaks.

Dahab is a low-key beach town with a budget-traveler heart, which is just as much about desert excursions and adventures as the sea. It's particularly known for its cheap dive-package deals and for its lagoon beach area where windsurfing and kitesurfing are the top activity.

Up the coast, between the port town of Nuweiba and the border town of Taba are the bamboo hut retreats that offer complete get-away-from-it-all respites from life and back-to-basics beach life.

Pyramid and ruins at Saqqara

Everyone's heard of Giza's Pyramids, but they're not the only pyramids Egypt has up its sleeve. Day-tripping distance from Cairo , Saqqara is a vast necropolis of tombs and pyramids that was utilized during every era of Pharaonic rule.

It's best known for its Old Kingdom Step Pyramid, which shows how the architects of Ancient Egypt advanced their engineering knowledge to finally create a true pyramid shape.

There's much more to see beyond the Step Pyramid, though, with some of the surrounding tombs, such as the Mastaba of Ti, showcasing some of the finest tomb paintings you'll see in the country.

Nearby, the pyramid site of Dahshur is home to the Red Pyramid and Bent Pyramid, which should be included on any Saqqara visit.

  • Read More: Exploring Saqqara: A Visitor's Guide

Egyptian Museum

A treasure trove of the Pharaonic world, Cairo's Egyptian Museum is one of the world's great museum collections . The faded pink mansion in downtown Cairo is home to a dazzling amount of exhibits.

The museum's exhibits cover the breadth of the Pharaonic era with highlights including its artifacts from pre-dynastic Egypt, the Old Kingdom galleries displaying the fine statuary from Egypt's period of pyramid builders, and the displays of glittering funerary goods unearthed from the country's most famous tomb finds.

Make sure to reserve enough time at the museum to fully view the galleries devoted to the grave goods of Yuya and Thuya and the royal tombs of Tanis (both upstairs).

Until Giza's much-delayed Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) opens, the Egyptian Museum is also where you come to see a selection of the riches from Tutankhamen's Valley of the Kings tomb. When the GEM finally does open, these will be moved there (and the entire Tutankhamen collection will be displayed in full for the first time).

Everything else though in the Egyptian Museum's collection will be staying in place.

White Desert

Egypt's kookiest natural wonder is White Desert National Park, out in the Western Desert, just south of Bahariya Oasis. Here, surreally shaped chalk pinnacles and huge boulders loom over the desert plateau, creating a scene that looks like icebergs have found themselves stranded amid a landscape of sand.

This highly scenic environment looks like something out of a science fiction movie and is a favorite destination for 4WD desert trips and overnight camping , which are both easiest organized in Bahariya Oasis.

For desert fans and adventurers, this is the ultimate weird playground, while anybody who's had their fill of temples and tombs will enjoy this spectacular natural scenery.

Alexandria

Alexandria has a history that not many others can match.

Founded by Alexander the Great, home of Cleopatra, and razzmatazz renegade city of the Mediterranean for much of its life, this seafront city has an appealing days-gone-by atmosphere that can't be beaten.

Although today, there are few historic remnants of its illustrious past left to see, Alexandria's long seafront Corniche road leading to its fort (sitting on the site where its famous ancient lighthouse once sat) remains a favorite summer destination to capture cooling sea breezes for Egyptians and foreign visitors alike.

Underwater archaeological projects here have imbued Alexandria's museums with interesting exhibits. The modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina is a contemporary interpretation of Alexandria's famed ancient library, and the handful of historic sights in town include an atmospheric catacombs site.

  • Read More: Top-Rated Attractions & Things to Do in Alexandria

Abydos Temple

The Temple of Osiris in Abydos is one of Ancient Egypt's most fascinating artistic treasures.

The temple, begun by Seti I, sits amid a vast necropolis site where archaeological excavations are ongoing. There a various other temple remnants to see here but for most visitors, the Temple of Osiris is the main reason to visit.

Its hypostyle halls, graced by papyrus-headed columns, contain some of the finest relief-work in Egypt, with various scenes portraying the pharaoh and the gods of Ancient Egypt.

As the temple lies north of Luxor, it isn't on the main Nile cruise ship route, so it receives much fewer visitors than the temple sites in Luxor itself and the Nile-side temples to the south. This means you are often lucky enough to wander through the temple's halls with only a few other visitors on site.

  • Read More: Exploring The Temples of Abydos: A Visitor's Guide

Siwa Oasis

Sitting in isolation, in the western corner of the Western Desert, Siwa is the tranquil tonic to the hustle of Egypt's cities. This gorgeous little oasis, surrounded by date palm plantations and numerous hot-water springs, is one of the Western Desert's most picturesque spots.

Siwa town is centered around the ruins of a vast mud-brick citadel, known as the Fortress of Shali, which dominates the view, while various temple remnants, including the Temple of the Oracle where Alexander the Great is said to have come to receive advice, are scattered throughout the wider oasis area.

This is a top spot to wind down and go slow for a few days, as well as being an excellent base from which to plan adventures into the surrounding desert.

St. Catherine's Monastery

One of the oldest monasteries in the world, St. Catherine's stands at the foot of Mount Sinai, amid the desert mountains of the Sinai Peninsula, where Moses is said to have received the Ten Commandments.

This desert monastery is home to an incredible collection of religious iconography, art, and manuscripts (some of which can be seen in the on-site museum), as well as the burning bush.

For most visitors here, a trip to St. Catherine's also involves a hike up Mount Sinai to see sunrise or sunset. Take the camel path for the easy route, or climb the famous Steps of Repentance if you want better views.

Umbrellas on the beach in Hurghada

Egypt's Red Sea coastline offers swaths of sand for travelers who want a time-out from temple viewing.

During winter, the resorts scattered along the shore surrounding Hurghada jump into life as European families arrive on package tourism breaks.

The big bonus of choosing a resort on the Red Sea coast over one on the Sinai Peninsula is that you are within day-tripping distance to Luxor, so this is the best place to visit for beach life if you still want to easily see some of Egypt's most famous monuments.

Hurghada and El Gouna are the two main resort towns, while the smaller, and still being-developed, town of Marsa Alam is much farther south.

Read More: Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in the Red Sea Region

Fortress of Babylon walls

The Cairo district known as Coptic Cairo is one of the most important Christian sites in the country.

Originally the Fortress of Babylon, dating back to the Achaemenid Empire's conquest of Egypt in 525 BCE, this district is home to Cairo's oldest surviving church, synagogue, and mosque, as well as the excellent Coptic Museum, which holds the world's largest collection of Coptic Christian art and antiquities.

A section of the Fortress of Babylon's walls, which were repaired and expanded under Roman rule, are also still standing and are the entrance into the district.

Make sure to visit the Hanging Church, which holds a fine collection of icons and was built half over the Roman-era water wheel (hence the church's name). Then thread your way down the narrow alley to the Church of St. Sergius and Bacchus which, according to local tradition, was built atop the site where the Holy Family with the infant Jesus lived in refuge after fleeing King Herod.

Nearby, the Ben Ezra Synagogue is famous for being the site where the Geniza documents cache were discovered.

A short walk away is the Mosque of Amr Ibn Al As, built by the Arab Muslim army commander (and later, first governor of Egypt) after conquering Egypt.

Wadi Al-Hitan's fossils

Wadi Al-Hitan is in the Fayoum area, a lush and fertile depression fed by ancient canals and surrounded by desert.

The Fayoum itself, with Lake Quran, the pottery village of Tunis, and Pharaonic ruins scattered across the hinterland, is an interesting place to visit, but the main tourist attraction here, in the nearby desert, is the UNESCO World Heritage site of Wadi Al-Hitan.

Amid the orange dunes and jagged rocks of this desert valley, a vast fossil cache of the oldest prehistoric whales (the basilosaurus and dorodontus) were discovered, hugely aiding human understanding of the evolution of whales.

Some of the finds have been kept in situ, with walking tracks radiating out from the visitor's center to skeleton sites sitting amid the sand.

In the visitor center itself, a museum dedicated to the site does an excellent job of explaining Wadi Al-Hitan's importance, and displays many of the site's other finds, including a skeleton of a basilosaurus whale that measures 18 meters long.

Temple of Hathor

The Temple of Hathor at Dendara was built in the late Pharaonic era and extended during the Roman period, though Dendara itself was an important cult center from early on in the period of Ancient Egypt.

A trip here is well worth a day trip from Luxor, as the temple's youth (in comparison to other Pharaonic temples) means that it is one of the most complete surviving temples in Egypt.

The reliefs and decoration here are in an excellently preserved state. In particular, while in the hypostyle hall, which was built by the Roman Emperor Tiberius, note the columns topped by heads of the Egyptian god Hathor, and the wall reliefs of the emperor paying tribute to the Egyptian gods.

Dendara is just outside the city of Qena, 80 kilometers north from Luxor.

Monastery of St. Anthony

Secreted within the jagged northern mountains of the Red Sea coast, the Monastery of St. Anthony has been a working monastery since the 4th century, and today is still home to around 120 monks.

The Church of St. Anthony, within the fortress-like compound, has an interior of secco wall paintings that are considered one of the most important collections of Egyptian Coptic art in the world and date from around the 11th and 12th centuries. The church is also home to the tomb of St. Anthony (the father of monasticism) and is a major pilgrimage destination for Egyptian Coptic Christians.

Monks run tours of the monastery that include visiting the church and some of the monastery's gardens, as well as allowing you to head up and walk on top of the monastery's walls.

St. Anthony's Monastery is very isolated. If you don't have your own transport, the easiest way to get here is to hire a driver from Cairo or Hurghada.

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Tourism in Egypt is BIG business, but why? Find out why so many people choose to travel to Egypt, what the tourism industry here consists of and what the impacts of tourism in Egypt are in this article. Excited to learn more? Read on…

The geography of Egypt

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Egypt, the land of the Pharaohs and timeless monuments, the pulsating heart of the Arab world, and a melting pot of ancient and modern cultures, offers a travel experience like no other. Known for its warm hospitality and rich heritage, Egypt has attracted explorers, historians, and vacationers for centuries. But there’s more to Egypt than the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx – a lot more.

This article takes you beyond Egypt’s iconic postcard images, guiding you through the country’s bustling marketplaces, serene landscapes, unique culinary experiences, and places where ancient and modern worlds blend seamlessly. Whether you’re an adventurer seeking the thrill of the Sahara’s vast dunes, a history buff hungry for tales of ancient civilisations, or a culture enthusiast wanting to immerse yourself in the rich tapestry of Egyptian life, this journey is for you.

Egypt is a country located in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and the Red Sea to the east. It has an area of approximately 1 million square kilometres and a population of over 100 million people.

The geography of Egypt is dominated by the Nile River, which is one of the longest rivers in the world . The Nile flows from south to north through Egypt and is the lifeblood of the country, providing water for irrigation, transportation, and other uses. The Nile Delta, or the mouth of the river , located in the north of the country, is a fertile area that supports agriculture.

Tourism in Egypt

The majority of Egypt’s population lives in the Nile Valley and Delta, which is a narrow strip of land along the river. The rest of the country is largely desert , including the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, and the Sinai Peninsula.

The Western Desert is a vast expanse of sand dunes and rocky plateaus, while the Eastern Desert is characterised by mountain ranges and deep valleys. The Sinai Peninsula is a triangular-shaped peninsula located between the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the south, and it is mostly mountainous.

Egypt has several important cities, including the capital city of Cairo, which is located in the north of the country on the east bank of the Nile River. Other major cities include Alexandria, located on the Mediterranean coast, and Luxor and Aswan, both located along the Nile River and famous for their ancient temples and monuments.

The tourism industry is a major sector of the economy in Egypt, contributing significantly to the country’s GDP and providing employment opportunities for millions of people. Egypt has been a popular tourist destination for centuries due to its rich history, ancient monuments, and beautiful landscapes.

Tourism in Egypt

Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization, including the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, and the temples of Luxor and Karnak. These ancient sites attract millions of visitors every year, making them some of the most popular tourist attractions in the world.

In addition to its ancient history, Egypt also has beautiful beaches along the Red Sea coast, including Sharm El-Sheikh and Hurghada . These destinations offer world-class diving and snorkelling opportunities, as well as other water sports and activities.

Other popular tourist attractions in Egypt include the Nile River cruises, which offer visitors the chance to explore the country’s ancient temples and monuments while enjoying the comfort of a cruise ship. The cities of Cairo and Alexandria are also popular destinations, offering a mix of ancient history and modern culture, including museums, art galleries, and vibrant nightlife.

The Egyptian government has been working to develop the tourism industry in recent years, investing in infrastructure improvements and promoting the country as a safe and attractive destination for visitors. Despite some setbacks due to political instability and the COVID-19 pandemic, the tourism industry in Egypt is expected to continue to grow in the coming years, offering visitors a unique and unforgettable travel experience.

  • In 2019, Egypt welcomed approximately 13.1 million international tourists , generating a total of $13.03 billion in tourism revenue.
  • The tourism industry in Egypt directly supports approximately 2.5 million jobs, accounting for 9% of the country’s total employment.
  • The top five source markets for tourism in Egypt are Germany, Russia, Ukraine , the United Kingdom, and Italy.
  • The average length of stay for international tourists in Egypt is around 10 days.
  • The majority of international tourists to Egypt (approximately 64%) visit the country for leisure and recreation purposes.
  • The most popular tourist attractions in Egypt include the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, the temples of Luxor and Karnak, and the beaches of Sharm El-Sheikh and Hurghada.
  • In 2020, tourism in Egypt was severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, with international arrivals declining by 70% compared to 2019.
  • The tourism industry in Egypt is expected to continue to grow in the coming years, with the government investing in infrastructure improvements and promoting the country as a safe and attractive destination for visitors.

Tourism in Egypt

Egypt is home to some of the most iconic and world-renowned tourist attractions, ranging from ancient ruins and temples to breathtaking natural wonders. Here are some of the most popular tourist attractions in Egypt:

  • The Great Pyramids of Giza: These pyramids are one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and are the most recognizable symbols of ancient Egypt. They are located just outside of Cairo and attract millions of visitors every year.
  • The Sphinx: Located near the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx is a huge statue of a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human. It is one of the most famous landmarks in Egypt.
  • The Egyptian Museum: Located in Cairo, the Egyptian Museum houses an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian artefacts, including mummies, jewellery, and statues.
  • Luxor and Karnak Temples: These two temples are located on the east bank of the Nile River in Luxor and are among the largest ancient religious sites in the world.
  • Abu Simbel: These two temples, located in southern Egypt, were built during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II and are famous for their colossal statues.
  • Valley of the Kings: Located in Luxor, this valley contains the tombs of many pharaohs and is a popular destination for tourists interested in ancient Egyptian history.
  • Red Sea Resorts: Egypt’s Red Sea coast is home to a number of popular beach resorts, including Sharm El-Sheikh and Hurghada. These destinations offer world-class diving and snorkelling opportunities, as well as other water sports and activities.
  • Aswan: This city is located along the Nile River and is famous for its beautiful temples, including the Philae Temple and the Temple of Abu Simbel.
  • Alexandria: Located on the Mediterranean coast, Alexandria is a historic city that was once one of the most important centres of learning in the ancient world. It is home to a number of ancient ruins, museums, and beautiful beaches.
  • The White Desert: This natural wonder is located in the western part of the country and features unique white rock formations that create a stunning landscape. It is a popular destination for adventure travellers and nature enthusiasts.

Most popular types of tourism in Egypt

Egypt is a diverse destination that offers a wide range of tourism experiences, catering to various interests and preferences. Here are some of the most popular types of tourism in Egypt:

Cultural tourism is one of the most popular types of tourism in Egypt, as the country is home to a rich history and culture that spans over thousands of years. Tourists can explore ancient ruins, temples, museums, and historical sites, such as the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, and Luxor and Karnak Temples.

Egypt also offers a range of adventure tourism opportunities, including desert safaris, camel rides, and hot air balloon rides over the Valley of the Kings. The White Desert is also a popular destination for adventure travellers and nature enthusiasts.

Tourism in Egypt

Egypt’s Red Sea coast is famous for its beautiful beaches, clear waters, and world-class diving and snorkelling opportunities. Sharm El-Sheikh and Hurghada are two of the most popular beach destinations in Egypt. Dahab is a less commercial and less developed coastal area that is growing in popularity and the North Coast is popular with locals.

Egypt is an important destination for religious tourism, attracting many visitors to its historic mosques, churches, and synagogues. The Mosque of Muhammad Ali in Cairo, the Coptic Orthodox Church in Alexandria, and the Ben Ezra Synagogue in Cairo are among the most visited religious sites in Egypt.

Egypt also offers a range of health and wellness tourism opportunities, including spa treatments, yoga retreats, and meditation classes. Many hotels and resorts in Egypt offer spa facilities, and the country is known for its natural hot springs.

Cruise tourism in Egypt

Nile River cruises are a popular way to explore the ancient sites and monuments of Egypt, such as the temples of Luxor and Karnak. Visitors can enjoy the comfort of a cruise ship while taking in the stunning scenery along the Nile River.

Ecotourism is a growing trend in Egypt, with many visitors seeking out sustainable and responsible tourism experiences. The Ras Mohamed National Park and the Wadi El Gemal National Park are two popular ecotourism destinations in Egypt, offering visitors the chance to experience the country’s natural beauty and wildlife.

Tourism in Egypt

Tourism is a significant contributor to the economy of Egypt, generating revenue, creating jobs, and promoting economic growth. Here are some of the key economic impacts of tourism in Egypt:

  • Revenue generation: Tourism is one of the largest sources of foreign exchange earnings for Egypt. According to the World Travel & Tourism Council, the total contribution of travel and tourism to Egypt’s GDP was 11.9% in 2019. In the same year, tourism generated USD 16.6 billion in revenue.
  • Job creation: The tourism industry is a major employer in Egypt, providing jobs to millions of people in the country. According to the World Travel & Tourism Council, the tourism industry supported 2.5 million jobs in Egypt in 2019, accounting for 8.7% of total employment.
  • Small business development: The tourism industry also plays an important role in supporting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Egypt, including hotels, restaurants, and souvenir shops. This provides opportunities for local entrepreneurs to start and grow their businesses, contributing to the overall economic development of the country.
  • Infrastructure development: The growth of the tourism industry has also led to the development of infrastructure, such as airports, hotels, and transportation systems. This infrastructure not only supports tourism but also benefits other sectors of the economy, such as transportation and construction.
  • Foreign investment: The tourism industry in Egypt attracts foreign investment, which helps to stimulate economic growth and create new business opportunities. This investment can also help to improve the quality of services and products in the industry, leading to increased visitor satisfaction and repeat visits.

However, it is worth noting that the tourism industry in Egypt has faced challenges in recent years due to political instability and security concerns.

Tourism has a range of social impacts in Egypt, both positive and negative. Here are some of the key social impacts of tourism in Egypt:

  • Cultural exchange: Tourism can facilitate cultural exchange between visitors and locals, allowing for the sharing of ideas, traditions, and values. This can promote mutual understanding and respect between different cultures.
  • Employment opportunities: The tourism industry provides employment opportunities for many Egyptians, particularly in areas such as hospitality and tourism services. This can help to alleviate poverty and improve living standards for individuals and families.
  • Preservation of cultural heritage: Tourism can also provide an economic incentive for the preservation of cultural heritage sites and monuments, such as the pyramids and temples of ancient Egypt. This can help to ensure that these sites are protected for future generations to enjoy.

facts about tourism in egypt

  • Impact on local communities: Tourism can have both positive and negative impacts on local communities in Egypt. On the positive side, tourism can bring in revenue and stimulate economic development. On the negative side, tourism can also lead to overcrowding, increased prices for goods and services, and a loss of traditional culture and identity.
  • Environmental impact: Tourism can also have an impact on the environment in Egypt, particularly in areas such as the Red Sea coast where coral reefs are fragile and vulnerable to damage. Responsible tourism practices, such as sustainable tourism, can help to minimise these impacts.
  • Social and cultural changes: Tourism can bring about social and cultural changes in host communities, as they adapt to the needs and preferences of visitors. This can lead to changes in traditional values, customs, and ways of life.

It is important to note, however, that the social impacts of tourism are complex and varied, and depend on a range of factors such as the type of tourism, the scale of tourism, and the level of community involvement and participation. Responsible tourism practices, such as sustainable tourism, can help to mitigate negative impacts and maximise positive impacts.

Tourism can have significant environmental impacts in Egypt, particularly in areas that are popular tourist destinations. Here are some of the key environmental impacts of tourism in Egypt:

  • Pollution: Tourism can contribute to air, water, and land pollution in Egypt, particularly in areas with high tourist traffic such as beaches and cities. This pollution can harm local ecosystems, wildlife, and human health.
  • Resource consumption: Tourism can place significant demands on natural resources such as water, energy, and land. This can lead to depletion of resources and environmental degradation.
  • Habitat destruction: Tourism can lead to habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity, particularly in areas such as coastal zones, wetlands, and forests .
  • Waste generation: Tourism can generate large amounts of waste, including solid waste, wastewater, and hazardous waste. Improper disposal of waste can have significant environmental impacts , including pollution of water and soil.
  • Climate change: Tourism can contribute to climate change through emissions of greenhouse gases, particularly from transportation and energy use. This can lead to a range of environmental impacts, including sea-level rise, increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, and changes in temperature and precipitation patterns.

To mitigate the environmental impacts of tourism in Egypt, sustainable tourism practices are essential. This can include measures such as promoting eco-tourism, encouraging energy and water conservation, reducing waste generation, and promoting the use of renewable energy sources. It is also important to promote responsible tourism practices among visitors, such as minimising waste generation, conserving natural resources, and respecting local ecosystems and cultures.

Egypt is generally considered a safe country for tourists, but like any other destination, it is important to exercise caution and be aware of potential risks. Here are some key points regarding crime and safety in Egypt:

  • Petty crime: Petty crime such as pickpocketing and theft can occur in Egypt, particularly in crowded areas such as markets and tourist attractions. Visitors are advised to be vigilant with their belongings and avoid carrying large amounts of cash or valuable items.
  • Scams: Tourist scams are also a concern in Egypt, particularly in tourist areas such as Cairo and Luxor. Visitors should be wary of offers that seem too good to be true, and be cautious when dealing with strangers or unofficial tour operators.
  • Political unrest: Egypt has experienced political unrest and demonstrations in the past, which can occasionally lead to violence. Visitors should stay up-to-date on the current situation and avoid large gatherings or demonstrations.
  • Terrorism: There is a risk of terrorism in Egypt, particularly in the Sinai Peninsula and border areas. Visitors are advised to stay away from these areas and to follow the advice of local authorities and their travel providers.
  • Transportation: Road accidents are a common occurrence in Egypt, and visitors are advised to exercise caution when using public transportation or driving themselves.

It is recommended that visitors to Egypt take common-sense precautions to ensure their safety. This can include being aware of their surroundings, avoiding isolated or poorly lit areas, and following the advice of local authorities and their travel providers. Visitors should also ensure that they have adequate travel insurance and emergency contact information in case of any incidents.

Budget requirements for Egypt 

The required budget for a visit to Egypt can vary depending on a number of factors, including the length of stay, type of accommodation, activities and tours, and personal spending habits. Here are some general guidelines on the costs associated with a visit to Egypt:

The cost of accommodation in Egypt can range from budget options such as hostels and guesthouses to luxury hotels and resorts. Prices can vary depending on the location and level of amenities, but budget travellers can expect to pay around $10-$20 per night for a hostel or budget hotel, while mid-range hotels can cost around $40-$100 per night. Luxury hotels and resorts can cost upwards of $200 per night.

Eating out in Egypt can be relatively inexpensive, particularly if you stick to local street food and budget restaurants. Expect to pay around $2-$5 for a simple meal, while a mid-range restaurant meal can cost around $10-$15 per person. Alcohol is generally more expensive, with a beer costing around $3-$5 and cocktails upwards of $10.

Tourism in Egypt

There are a variety of activities and tours available in Egypt, ranging from cultural and historical sightseeing to outdoor activities such as diving and snorkelling. The cost of these activities can vary depending on the type and length of the tour, but budget around $10-$20 for a basic sightseeing tour, and upwards of $100 for a full-day excursion to a popular attraction.

Local transportation in Egypt is relatively inexpensive, with a one-way ticket on public transportation costing around $0.20-$0.50. Taxis, Ubers and private car hire are more expensive, with a taxi ride in Cairo costing around $2-$5 for a short distance, while a private driver can cost upwards of $50 for a full-day tour.

Overall, a budget traveller can expect to spend around $30-$50 per day on basic accommodation, food, and transportation in Egypt, while mid-range travellers can expect to spend upwards of $100-$150 per day. Luxury travellers should budget upwards of $250 per day for high-end accommodation, dining, and activities. It is important to note that these are rough estimates, and costs can vary depending on individual preferences and travel styles.

Tourism in Egypt

Is it safe to travel to Egypt?

Egypt is generally considered safe for tourists, but visitors should be aware of potential risks and take appropriate precautions. Petty crime, political unrest, and terrorism are some of the concerns that visitors should keep in mind.

What is the best time to visit Egypt?

The best time to visit Egypt is from October to April, when the weather is cooler and more pleasant. Summer months (June to September) can be extremely hot, particularly in southern Egypt.

What are the must-visit attractions in Egypt?

Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Egypt include the Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, the Valley of the Kings, the Karnak Temple Complex, and the Egyptian Museum.

What are the most popular types of tourism in Egypt?

Cultural and historical tourism are the most popular types of tourism in Egypt, with visitors coming to see the country’s ancient ruins, temples, and artefacts.

What is the currency used in Egypt?

The official currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound (EGP).

What languages are spoken in Egypt?

Arabic is the official language of Egypt, but English is widely spoken in tourist areas. Note that Egyptian Arabic is not the same as Arabic spoken in some other countries.

Do I need a visa to visit Egypt?

Visa requirements for Egypt vary depending on your nationality. Some nationalities are eligible for visa-free entry, while others require a visa. Visitors are advised to check the latest visa requirements before travelling.

What is the dress code in Egypt?

Egypt is a conservative country, particularly in rural areas and smaller towns. Visitors are advised to dress modestly, covering their shoulders and legs, particularly when visiting religious sites. In tourist areas, however, it is fine to wear less clothing and ordinary Western swimwear.

What is the tipping culture in Egypt?

Tipping is a common practice in Egypt, particularly in the service industry. It is customary to tip hotel staff, restaurant servers, and tour guides.

What are the transport options in Egypt?

Local transportation in Egypt includes buses, trains, taxis, and microbuses. There are also domestic flights available for longer distances. Visitors are advised to use licensed taxis and to negotiate fares before getting into the vehicle.

As you can see, tourism in Egypt is a significant industry that makes a lot of money for the country, but it isn’t without its issues. The key to ensuring the successful future of the tourism industry in Egypt is sustainable tourism management.

If you enjoyed this article about tourism in Egypt, I am sure that you will enjoy these too:

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buildings and city roads sit at the feet of egyptian pyramids

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New reasons to visit Egypt now

Just discovered mummies and the upcoming opening of a blockbuster museum make the ancient land worth rediscovering.

The largest archaeological museum in the world, the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM), is due to open later this year (or early in 2023) outside Cairo . This dazzling showplace near the pyramids of Giza cost more than a billion dollars to build. It will hold a large chunk of Egypt ’s ancient artifacts, including the treasures of King Tutankhamun’s tomb.

facts about tourism in egypt

The museum isn’t the only attraction drawing tourists back to the North African country. New openings include the Mummies Hall in the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Cairo, and two tombs in nearby Saqqara, including the newly restored Tomb of Djoser, with its labyrinth of hieroglyphic-covered corridors. The promise of fresh discovery means trip bookings for Egypt are up more than 100 percent from some countries.

( Egypt is one of our 25 best places to visit in 2023. See the full list here .)

“So many sites are getting revamped, conserved, and preserved,” says Egyptologist and National Geographic Explorer Nora Shawki . “Even going to the pyramids is smoother, with electric busses getting you there and more dining and services.”

Though it suffered during the COVID-19 pandemic, Egypt has a robust tourism infrastructure, making trips here easier than you might expect. Here’s what to know before you go.

Is Egypt safe?

The biggest danger in Egypt may be getting hassled for business, from the ad hoc tour guides just outside temples and tombs to hawkers offering “free” souvenirs and camel rides beside the pyramids at Giza. Otherwise, street crime is almost unheard of. “The riskiest thing you’ll do in Egypt is crossing our busy streets,” says Shawki.

While terrorist activities in the Sinai Peninsula and Western Desert mean the U.S. Department of State currently classifies Egypt under a Level 3, or “reconsider travel” advisory these areas aren’t close to typical tourist attractions including in Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, and Aswan .

How can I see the top sights?

Egypt is large—about twice the size of France—and you’ll need a combination of air, river, or overland travel to see Cairo, Luxor, and the Nile River-side temples.

You can rent a car, but it’s not recommended. Although millions of dollars have been invested in road improvements, signage is inconsistent and road congestion common. Some areas, like the Nile Valley, require security convoys, and military checkpoints are the norm. Guided tours and taxis are the best ways to get around; Uber also operates in Cairo and Alexandria.

A 10-day trip focused on the highlights of ancient Egypt could include time in Cairo (the pyramids, museums), Luxor (Valley of the Kings, Temple of Karnak), and a cruise along the Nile.

Additional spots worth adding to your itinerary include resort areas like Sharm El-Sheik on the Red Sea for diving and snorkeling or oasis towns such as artsy, archaeology-rich Tunis Village (about two hours by car from Cairo).

What can I see in Cairo besides pyramids?

Most travelers start in Cairo, where a clutch of museums gives a crash course in Egyptian history. In a sprawling contemporary building designed to resemble an ancient sailing ship, the Grand Egyptian Museum took 20 years and more than a billion dollars to construct. Within its 870,000 square feet are more than 100,000 artifacts including 5,000 objects from the tomb of “boy king” Tutankhamun.

The golden light of dawn illuminates the Avenue of Ancient Egyptian Sphinxes at Luxor Temple

( See why the Grand Egyptian Museum is fit for a pharoah .)

Open since 1902, the Egyptian Museum has 100 galleries and more than 170,000 artifacts, including animal figurines, funerary papyri, and stele decked in colorful hieroglyphs. The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization , which debuted in 2017, covers the entire history of Egypt from pre-historic times until today. It’s the new resting place of the ancient Egyptian royal mummies, relocated with great pomp , last year.

“The Ministry of Antiquities and Tourism has made a phenomenal effort to open new archaeological sites and make older places accessible, such as the Serapeum at Saqqara, and the underground galleries beneath the Step Pyramid of Djoser,” says Colleen Darnell, an American Egyptologist and coauthor of the upcoming Egypt’s Golden Couple: When   Akhenaten   and Nefertiti Were Gods on Earth .  

Just outside of Cairo, Saqqara is the country’s largest archaeological site and home of its oldest pyramid. It also offers new discoveries, including 59 sealed sarcophagi and the ornate tomb of Wahtye, a high priest who died in the 5th century B.C .

What about all those famous tombs and temples?

Luxor, a 90 minute direct flight from Cairo, holds the grand Temples of Karnak and Luxor as well as the tomb-filled Valley of the Queens and Valley of the Kings, including the dazzling burial space of King Tut.  

Luxor’s 1.7-mile, statue-decorated Avenue of the Sphinxes recently reopened, showing off decades of excavations and renovations. You’ll need a day or two to explore it all. Luxor is also the launch point for cruises on the Nile.

( Learn how epic feats of engineering saved Egypt’s Abu Simbel temples .)

It’s worth the quick flight or three-hour drive from Aswan (the terminus of most Nile cruises) to see the 13th-century B.C. rock-cut temple at Abu Simbel on Lake Nasser. Because the temple looks particularly dazzling during the evening light and sound show, Kerry Ann Derwin, a Middle East travel specialist with Audley Travel , often books her clients into a local guesthouse such as the Eskelah Nubian Ecolodge .“It gives a more intimate look at the temple,” she says.  

facts about tourism in egypt

Should I take a Nile cruise?

Boats have cruised along the Nile River since pharaonic times, and a two- to five-day cruise takes in ancient ruins and modern village life. You can book trips on river barges, steamboats, private yachts, or dahabiyas , elegant two-masted sailing ships with four to 10 cabins each. Generally boats travel between Luxor and Aswan.

“Going down the Nile gives you a glimpse into the past, and it’s also a quick way to see many of the riverside temples,” says Shawki. You’ll glide past farms where workers still plow fields with oxen and spot birds like cranes and egrets.

When should I go?

Most of Egypt has a desert climate, meaning hot days and cooler nights. The most comfortable times to visit are between March and June or in early fall (late September through early October). “But if you want the sites to yourself, July and August are great,” says Jasmine Padda, an Egyptian specialist with Kensington Tours .

What should I wear?

In Egyptian cities, you’ll see women dressed in everything from burqas to jeans and tank tops. Tourists can get away with modest casual clothing in most places, but both men and women must cover their knees, shoulders, and chests while visiting mosques or other religious sites. It’s a good idea to bring a lightweight scarf.

It’s also nearly always sunny and often hot, so pack a hat and high-SPF sunblock.

Where can I stay?

In Cairo, there are a range of four- and five-star hotels catering to international visitors with well-oiled security teams and concierges who can offer advice and book tours. Properties (many from chains such as Hilton and St. Regis) in the Zamalek and Garden City neighborhoods are well-located for both sightseeing and safety. For pyramid views and nostalgia, the Mena House has been open since the 19th century; it’s now renovated and expanded.  

Two luxe historic properties also lure travelers in Luxor and Aswan: the circa-1905 Winter Palace Luxor and the circa-1899 Old Cataract Aswan . Both offer Egyptian-style decor and atmosphere as well as modern comforts. Smaller guesthouses are also an option in these smaller cities, particularly in the Nubian villages around Aswan.

Related Topics

  • ARCHAEOLOGY
  • ANCIENT HISTORY
  • ANCIENT EGYPT

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Your Guide to the Different Types of Tourism in Egypt

Egypt has many kinds of tourism, each showing a different side of this wealthy country. This article will tell you everything you need to know about the different types of tourism in Egypt , where to find them, and how to enjoy them. Tourism in Egypt makes up more than 11% of the country’s GDP and 40% of its non-merchandise exports, and it also employs 12% of the country’s workers and serves up to 15 million tourists each year.

Egypt has always been a popular place for tourists, mainly because it has so many beautiful artifacts from the time of the Pharaohs. This made Egypt more beautiful, and people from all over the world set up tours to see the country’s unique beauty and the interesting religious and cultural sites all over the country.

Egypt is also a great country because of its location and the weather’s pleasant all year, especially along its long coastline. Egypt has a lot of amazing things that make it a great place to visit, especially if you want to see some of the most impressive ancient sites and have a magical vacation.

Egypt’s oldest type of tourism is archaeological or cultural tourism. Egypt is mainly known for its unique ancient civilizations, which can be seen in the beautiful buildings and achievements it has made since the beginning of history.

Egypt has over a third of the world’s most impressive monuments, meaning other countries can’t compete in this type of tourism. There are many different kinds of tourism besides cultural tourism, like religious, sports, desert, ecotourism, medical, marine, festivals, diving centers, and exhibitions. Here are the four main kinds of travel that people do in Egypt.

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Cultural Tourism

Types of Tourism in Egypt

Since great attractions were found in ancient Egypt, this is Egypt’s primary type of tourism. Through cultural tourism, every tourist will learn about the history of the ancient Egyptians and their way of life. Egypt has a lot of beautiful cultural and archaeological tourist sites that date back more than 5000 years and always attract people.

The beautiful capital of Egypt, Cairo , is one of the incredible ancient cities because it has some of the best places to see, such as the fantastic three pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menekure, which were the tombs of the pharaohs, which were part of the Giza pyramid complex , one of the most famous archaeological sites in Egypt.

Considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Great Pyramid of King Khufu is the last pyramid still standing. Undoubtedly, this makes visiting such an excellent site even more important, and tourists love seeing this beautiful place.

Near the complex is the famous Grand Egyptian Museum , which is the most important archaeological museum in the world, containing tens of thousands of artifacts from ancient Egypt. Inside the complex, you can also see the Hypnotic Sphinx, who watched over the complex when Khufu built it. It would be an excellent opportunity to see the Valley Temple, which tells a fascinating story of how ancient people mummified their dead to prepare them for the journey to the afterlife.

Visit the Step Pyramid of Saqqara , the first pyramid built in Egypt, to see the other pyramids. You will be close to the city of Memphis, the ancient capital of Egypt, and you can take a beautiful cultural tour of the Pyramids of Dahshur , where you can see the Red Pyramid and the Pyramid of Bent.

Cairo is not the only city with many unique historical sites. It would be worthwhile to also go to Luxor , home to some of the most important and impressive temples ever built by humans. The enchanting Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut , the magnificent Karnak , Luxor Temple , the Colossi of Memnon , and the stunning Valley of the Kings , including the massive ancient tombs of Egyptian pharaohs, and many other significant cultural sites are some of the best things to see while in Luxor.

Not only that, but the landmarks in two Egyptian cities also show an essential part of Egyptian culture. One of them is the beautiful city of Aswan , which follows the glory of the cities of Egypt and has some of the most famous places that tourists love to visit, such as the magnificent High Dam , Philae Temple of the ancient goddess Isis, and Abu Simbel . Beautiful Nubian temples and villages, where you can meet wonderful Nubians and learn about some of the best Egyptian traditions and customs.

Alexandria is another excellent historical tourist city in Egypt. It has some of the best places to see and things to do, such as the Citadel of Qaitbay , Pompey’s pillar , the Catacombs of kom el shoqafa , and last but not least, the magical Library of Alexandria , where you can find a copy of every book ever written in the world. Next, you’ll move from Egypt’s historical attractions to fun things to do along the coast.

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Religious Tourism

Types of Tourism in Egypt

Egypt is the home of heavenly religions, where people of different faiths met and lived together for many years. As a result, the land of the pharaohs had gathered all the dominions. So, if you like religious tourism, Egypt is an excellent place to go because it has a rich religious history that will meet your needs. Let’s divide the religious sites in Egypt into:

Islamic Sightseeing

Egypt is an Islamic country, so most rulers worked hard to build more Islamic landmarks during the Islamic Empire. Most of these landmarks were built in the shape of mosques, and here is a list of the most famous mosques in Egypt’s history:

  • Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque 
  • Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque
  • Sultan Hassan Mosque 
  • Mohammad Ali Mosque 
  • Al-Hakim Mosque
  • Sayyida Zeinab Mosque

Castles and citadels are also important Islamic landmarks. They were mostly built to protect the country from attacks by enemies. Here are some of Egypt’s most common defenses:

  • Salah El-Din Citadel
  • Citadel of Qaitbey in Alexandria
  • Castle Aqaba
  • Al-Arish Castle

Coptic Landmarks

Several Christian and Coptic sites in Egypt are popular with tourists and adventurers worldwide:

  • The Hanging Church
  • Church of St. Mary
  • Church of Abu Serga
  • Church of the Holy Virgin
  • Church of Saint Menas
  • Monastery of St. Catherine in Egypt

Jews Landmarks

There are also some historical sites related to the Jews, such as 

  • The Ben Ezra Synagogue
  • Mount Sinai
  • and the Jewish Alley or such is called “Haret AL Yahood” in Arabic, which gathered hundreds of Jews to this day exists now.

Leisure Tourism

Types of Tourism in Egypt

Egypt is the best vacation spot in the world, so it is on the Red Sea , the Gulf of Suez, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Mediterranean Sea. So, if you like to relax or spend time by the sea, you can have the most fun and relax in Egypt. You will love the clean, clear waters of the Red Sea and the beautiful beaches in tourist cities like Hurghada , Sharm El Sheikh , Marsa Allam , El Gouna, Dahab , and Al Ain EL Sokhna.

In these cities, you can be amazed by the beauty of the Red Sea while snorkeling or scuba diving on well-equipped boats with a highly qualified instructor. You can also take a beautiful desert safari on a quad bike, where you can take pictures and learn more about the Egyptian deserts. On the Red Sea, you can also swim in the pool and relax on the sands of the beautiful coastal beaches.

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Medical Travel

Types of Tourism in Egypt

Egypt’s holy waters and sacred lands have always been known to have magical and healing powers. Egypt’s best and most famous thing is its mineral water, which has no moisture. Staying in the sand is the best way to treat many diseases, like bone and skin diseases, problems with the digestive system, and many others.

There are many signs that the water from the Red Sea can help people with psoriasis get better. Some might wonder where medical tourism is in Egypt. 16 places, both inland and on the coast, are popular with medical tourists. Hurghada, Helwan, Ain El-Sira, Aswan, Sinai, Safaga, Al-Ain El-Sokna, the Oasis, and Fayoum are some of the most famous. Here are the best medical places in Egypt where you might be lucky enough to spend some of your vacation time:

Baharia Oasis

You’ll find the fantastic springs of Halfa, which have the best warm water, and a lot of tourists from all over the world who come here to relax.

Beaulac Wells

In addition to the fantastic dunes near the wells, the water there is full of minerals that are good for you. These minerals can cure many diseases, such as rheumatism, joint pain, and rheumatoid.

Nasser Wells

There are three bottomless wells, and they are all connected to make a pool. Warm water often treats rheumatism, skin inflammation, kidney stones, and other digestive problems.

Farafra Oasis

The new Valley Oasis has a lot of herbs and plants, like Al-Ashaar Karkade and Dammsesa, which are used to treat rheumatism and diseases of the digestive system. The catnip herb can help with stomachaches, and the Egleeg herb is the best way to treat diabetes.

The Sands of Safaga

Because Safaga has a mild climate, its magical sands can treat psoriasis. Its unique radioactive mineral elements, such as Uranium, Potassium, and Thorium, can also treat joint pains and skin inflammation. People who have had liver, heart, or kidney disease in the past will like it most because the low gravity helps people with high blood flow.

We hope this article for Egypt Tours for Seniors has helped you figure out how to plan your trip. If you want your trip to Egypt to go well, don’t miss these essential guides that will help you plan from start to finish:

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Top 35 Traditional Egyptian Food To Try

  • Entry into Egypt – All Documents you need
  • Can I apply for an Egypt visa online?
  • Top 15 Egypt Museums you have to visit – Hidden Gems
  • Top 7 Cities Must Visit in Egypt

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Information about Egypt

facts about tourism in egypt

Egypt is a land of civilizations that is why it has the longest histories of any other country. Egypt attracts tourists all around the world because of its attractions and landmarks that date back to the ancient Egyptians with their great heritage, wisdom, nobility, and their mentality, which helped them in building a great civilization that is reflected on their tombs, mummies, architecture, and above all their mesmerizing  Pyramids . Here are aspects of the information you will know about Egypt:

  • 1. Egypt Location
  • 2. Egypt Climate
  • 3. What is Egypt Famous for?
  • 4. Best Cities in Egypt to Visit
  • 5. Best Things to Do in Egypt
  • 6. Tourism in Egypt
  • 7. Economy in Egypt
  • 8. Industry in Egypt

facts about tourism in egypt

The Location of Egypt

The Climate of Egypt Along the Year

Egypt Facts - Egypt History - Egypt Information - Egypt Tourism - Egypt Economy

The climate in Egypt is variable as it is sometimes hot and other times cold. Summer in Egypt is hot and dry. The average of the annual temperatures in the coastal region range from 37c to 14 c. winter in Egypt is mild and sunny but nights are cold. July is the hottest month and January is the coldest.

What is Egypt Famous for?

Egypt Facts - Egypt History - Egypt Information - Egypt Tourism - Egypt Economy

Egypt is famous for its marvelous civilization, which is reflected in every single piece of its landmarks, such as the Great Giza Pyramids Complex including the  great pyramid of Khufu , which is considered one of the seven wonders of the world, the magnificent  Sphinx , which has a mythical background, the unforgettable Valley Temple, the adorable “ Luxor and Aswan ” with their awesome landmarks, and a lot of other attractions that need days and nights to speak about.

The Must be Visited Cities in Egypt

Egypt Facts - Egypt History - Egypt Information - Egypt Tourism - Egypt Economy

More than its historical structures, temples, and tombs, Egypt has unique cities to visit such as Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Hurghada, and many more majestic places to visit in Egypt… Here’s a list of the  best cities to visit in Egypt .

Best Things to Do in Egypt

Egypt Facts - Egypt History - Egypt Information - Egypt Tourism - Egypt Economy

Egypt is an unbelievable and diverse country – there are so many things to do in Egypt, almost too many! You could be there for an entire lifetime and not be able to see everything. With countless historic attractions, buildings, and artifacts, not to mention adventure tours, Egypt is truly a great holiday destination where you can board a  Nile Cruise  as it takes you to a world full of adventure, mystery, and amusement or visit Giza Pyramids Complex which contains priceless treasures from the time of the Ancients.

If you are in love with shopping and searching for the antiques then  Khan El Khalili  should be your destination because of its impressive galleries, breathtaking shops, and awesome restaurants & cafes. While being in Egypt you can enjoy yourself with its mesmerizing beaches just like those that are located in the Gulf of Aqaba, Hurghada, Sharm El-Sheikh, Marsa Alam and a lot of other fanciful touristic beaches.

Tourism in Egypt

Egypt Facts - Egypt History - Egypt Information - Egypt Tourism - Egypt Economy

Egypt is one of the most important touristic places around the world and tourism plays an important role in its economy. Giza is a fascinating touristic destination in Egypt because of the invaluable civilization in there, the Giza Pyramids are the most popular tourist attraction. There are also other landmarks, which attract people such as the Gulf of Aqaba beaches, Sharm El-Sheikh, Safaga, Luxor, Aswan, Hurghada, Marsa Allam, Dahab, and many other gorgeous destinations.

Types of Tourism in Egypt

  • Cultural Tourism:  This means visiting the ancient archeological sites for knowledge and try to understand the culture of this country. Tourists from around the world love visiting Egypt because of its ancient archeological landmarks such as those in  Luxor ,  Aswan , and Giza.
  • Leisure Tourism:  This kind of tourism is preferable for those who seek to visit a place with a nice view over the Nile or the beautiful beaches and fortunately, Egypt has it all in its awesome desert lands to do Safaris and in its amazing beaches such as Safaga,  Hurghada , and  Sharm El-Sheikh .
  • Religious Tourism:  To visit the Islamic Archeology ( Mosques and Castles).
  • Medical Tourism:  Egypt is famous for its mineral water, which is used in the curing process for a long time ago.

Economy in Egypt

Egypt Facts - Egypt History - Egypt Information - Egypt Tourism - Egypt Economy

Egypt’s economy is the 139th in the 2018 index. The Egyptian government is trying to do its best to reach financial stability and to get a high score in business and investment freedom.

Natural Resources:  Egypt is rich in its agricultural lands, which qualifies it to be able to plant different crops during the year that of course provide youth with many jobs.

Water Resources:  Egypt is the gift of  the Nile  and this is the reason why the soil of Egypt is rich and unique.

Mineral and Energy Resources:  Egypt is full of mineral and energy resources including natural gas, gold, petroleum, and other important resources that help in the economic recovery process.

The Agricultural Sector:  In fact, it depends upon three factors: irrigation system, crops, and Land ownership. Any country without agriculture cannot move on in its crisis and Egypt has very impressive irrigation systems that help in the process of agriculture.

Industry in Egypt

Egypt Facts - Egypt History - Egypt Information - Egypt Tourism - Egypt Economy

Because of the recent technological developments in Egypt, Egypt has become one of the largest countries in the production of textile & clothing, steel industries, chemicals, consumer electronics, different manufacturing vehicles.

Construction and contracting Sector:  Egypt has two multinational Egyptian corporations that have a huge effect on the constructing sector of Egypt, which are Orascom construction Industries and Talaat Moustafa Group.

The Suez Canal:  Because of its special location, it has a huge importance in linking the Mediterranean Sea at Port Said and the Red Sea at Suez. Its special location helps a lot in the investment process.

Tourism Sector:  Tourism is the most important sector of the economy in Egypt as it provides employment and the incoming of foreign currency. It helps in the investment process in Egypt.

Enjoy Best Journey to Egypt with “Trips in Egypt”

If you’re planning a trip to Egypt, it can be difficult to decide whether to explore independently. “Trips in Egypt” provide you best  Egypt tour packages  &  Nile cruises . We reveal the best tours currently taking you through Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Hurghada and beyond. Don’t miss the chance and book the best journey to Egypt.

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Share your comment, what should i wear while being in egypt.

You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.

What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?

You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?

Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.

Why book Trips in Egypt?

We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.

Is it safe to travel to Egypt?

Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.

What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?

They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.

What is the Weather is Like?

The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?

It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.

Should I Give Tips in Egypt?

It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.

Can I Enter the Pyramids?

Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.

How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?

Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.

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facts about tourism in egypt

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Trips In Egypt was founded in 2002 when it launched, since then the company specialized in providing trips in Egypt only which includes tour packages, vacations, Nile cruises, day trips, shore excursions, and any kind of trips in Egypt.

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15 best experiences in Egypt for history, adventure and culture

Monica Gerges

Aug 16, 2023 • 9 min read

Young Caucasian woman standing on the  terrace on the  background of Giza pyramids

From food tours in Cairo to floating in a desert oasis in Siwa, here are the best things to do in Egypt © Oleh_Slobodeniuk / Getty Images

One day you’re climbing the desert’s highest peak, the next you’re walking amid remnants of the world’s oldest civilization or diving into the depths of the Red Sea. Whether Egypt 's on your travel radar for the history, the adventure, the beaches or even just the pyramids, when it comes to things to do, you are spoiled for choice.

Here's our guide to Egypt's very best experiences. 

1. Have breakfast at the pyramids 

8. Why not kick your visit to the pyramids  up a notch with some falafel, hot mint tea and a vast picture-perfect panoramic view of the ancient wonder? Head to the 9 Pyramids Lounge  for influencer-worthy photo ops and a solid Egyptian breakfast of freshly baked bread, feta cheese or a Tahini salad. 

2. Watch an authentic Tanoura performance in Cairo

Old Cairo is also home to the beautifully restored Wekalet el Ghouri Arts Center that hosts a wide array of cultural events. Here you can see an unforgettable Tanoura show – a whirling dervish performance that merges Egyptian folklore and Sufi spiritual chants. This colorful and mesmerizing one-hour experience is a must-see for anyone visiting Cairo. 

Planning tip: The show runs every Monday, Wednesday and Saturday at 7pm, but make sure to show up at 6pm to snag your tickets before they’re gone.

3. Experience Egyptian street food at Cairo's Kebdet El Prince 

Situated in the heart of Cairo’s Imbaba neighborhood is Kebdet El Prince, a haven of Egyptian street food with a side of quintessentially Cairene sensory overload. This bustling joint is ideal for anyone looking to experience Egyptian street food. 

Start with the basics: molokhia (jute mallow), kebda (liver), and sogo’ (sausage). More adventurous foodies should try mombar (stuffed sausage), makhasi (bull tesitcles) and shorbet kaware’ (cow’s foot soup).

Detour: If you can still breathe, have dessert next door at El-Malky and top it off with a mint tea from the cafe across the street. 

interior Egypt, Cairo, Khan El-Khalili Bazaar in the evening with muted light

4. Wander through the alleys of Old Cairo

The ancient streets of Old Cairo are mazes of narrow alleys filled with monuments, mansions, museums, and mosques. Start at El Moez Street and soak in how the rich architectural, religious and cultural history fuses with the vibrant din of daily local life in this bustling neighborhood. 

Walk until you reach the Khan El-Khalili bazaar where you can shop for everything from soap powder to ornate clothing and small trinkets. Then head to Bab Zuweila – one of three remaining gates from the Old City of Cairo.

Planning tip: Time your arrival to watch the sun setting over the ancient buildings from the towering minarets of Bab Zuweila – one of the best views you’ll find in the city. 

5. Camp in the Fayoum Desert 

Disconnect from the mayhem of modern life with desert camping in  Fayoum . Experience the dunes on a 4WD safari ride with stops at the Wadi el Rayan waterfalls and the crystal blue lakes in the middle of the desert, and top it off with a freshly prepared Bedouin dinner under the stars. Wear comfortable walking shoes and bring a light jacket if your trip is in the summer; for winter, pack your whole closet – the desert gets cold at night. Fayoum is just two hours south of the capital, so this trip can easily be done as a weekend getaway from Cairo.

Planning tip:  For an optimal night of clear stargazing without light pollution, time your visit to Wadi el Rayan or Wadi al Hittan (Valley of the Whales) for when there’s no moon.

A solo kite-surfer on a turquoise lagoon surrounded by sand-colored hills

6. Go kitesurfing at the Blue Lagoon  

Time stands still at the turquoise Blue Lagoon. Located between the shadows of the Sinai Mountains and the crystal waters of the Red Sea, the Blue Lagoon has flat waters and strong winds, making this Red Sea sweet spot a kitesurfer’s paradise. 

Novices can book a private kitesurfing course upon arrival. If you’re not into kitesurfing, the Blue Lagoon is a perfect spot to do absolutely nothing by laying on the beach, enjoying the sea and serenity.

7. Float in Siwa’s picturesque Salt Lakes 

Picture this: floating in a perfect pool of crystal blue waters in the middle of the desert, surrounded by shimmering towers of sea salt. The Siwa’s salt lakes have long been a treasured local spot. Float effortlessly in an otherworldly pool with the highest water to salt ratios that’s not just picture-perfect, but it's said to clear sinuses and treat infections. 

Siwa Oasis is dotted with hundreds of turquoise salt pools – a stark contrast against the oasis’ palm greens and desert yellows, all laid against the backdrop of stunning sunsets that earned it the title of Sunset Oasis.

Local tip: Keep a few bottles of clean water with you to wash the layers of salt off your body and avoid any skin irritation. Or, even better, go for a dip in Cleopatra’s Spring afterward.

8. Snorkel or dive in the Red Sea's Sataya Reef 

Marsa Alam is great base for divers looking to discover the riches of the Red Sea. Horseshoe-shaped Sataya Reef  ranks as one of the most beautiful dive spots on the planet, with its striking sea life and colorful corals. This wonder of the natural world is suitable for snorkelers too.

Egyption man walking through the towering pillars of the Karnak Temple.

9. Temple hop in Luxor

Luxor , the world’s greatest open-air museum, is a testament to the ancient Egyptian civilization through its sheer wealth of temples and monuments. 

Begin your temple-hopping at the Temple of Karnak – the perfect manifestation of pharaonic ambition. A few kilometers southwest of Karnak is the stunning Luxor Temple . If you can, visit at night when the temple lights are turned on. About 40 minutes northwest of the Luxor Temple lies The Valley of the Kings – a popular tourist destination and includes the tombs of Ramses III , Seti I and Ay .  

At the southern portion of the Theban hillside and about 7km (4mi) from the Valley of the Kings is The Valley of the Queens . A 75-tomb area that includes the final resting places of Nefertari and one of the five wives of Ramses II.      

Detour: Other major points along the way include: Queen Hatshepsut’s Temple, the Luxor Museum and Ramses III’s Medinat Habu on the West Bank.

10. Eat like an Egyptian with a local food tour in Cairo

Food is an international love language and Cairo is bursting with culinary gems, but where do you start? What do you try? Where do you go? Connect with local culture on a food tour where you immerse yourself in Egypt’s history and local life, one authentic dish at a time. 

Ideal for solo female travelers, Bellies En-Route is a female-owned food tour provider that skips the culinary tourist hot spots and takes visitors to local mom-and-pop spots or neighborhood favorites known for fantastic street fare. You can even help out in the kitchen at some of the restaurants, an excellent opportunity to connect with the community while preparing food. 

An ancient large stone statue at dawn with hot air balloons in the sky

11. Float above Luxor in a hot-air balloon  

Dozens of balloons take to Luxor’s skies every day at dawn for a view that’s literally breathtaking. Watch the sun rise and light up the Theban hills, local farms and ancient monuments. See the Nile River glistening in the distance and wave at locals watching from their balconies. Trust us, it’s definitely worth that 3am wake-up call and pre-ride anxiety. 

12. Take a sunset felucca ride along the Nile  

The world’s longest river is best experienced floating peacefully in a felucca (traditional wooden sailboat) at sunrise or sunset, whether you’re in Cairo or Aswan or anywhere in between. 

In Cairo, docks line the corniche in Maadi, Zamalek and Garden City, and give you a gorgeous view of the Cairene skyline; if you’re in Aswan, feluccas are your go-to mode of transportation between the city’s 20 islands. Either way, grab a few friends, snacks, and drinks and spend some time taking in the stunning serenity of the Nile. 

13. Hike the Sinai Trail or Red Sea Mountain Trail 

Experience Egypt’s most iconic mountain peaks and untrodden wildernesses by hiking alongside local Bedouin guides through the country’s two sister trails: the Sinai Trail and the Red Sea Mountain Trail. 

The Sinai Trail is Egypt’s first long-distance hiking trail, a circuit that runs 550km (342 miles) through the territories of the eight Bedouin tribes of South Sinai. The 170km (106 mile) Red Sea Mountain Trail , located just outside the beachside resort town of Hurghada , showcases the best of the region’s inimitable beauty – from vast desert plains to deep gorges, and from crumbling Roman towns to prehistoric rock art and chapels of Egypt’s Desert Fathers. 

Local tip: Both trails are sustainable tourism initiatives that directly support the local Bedouin communities by creating jobs and help keep the region’s traditional Bedouin knowledge, skills, and heritage alive. And don’t worry, the trails are divided into segments so you can choose whether to take between two- and five-day hikes as part of your trip. 

A woman snorkelling on a coral reef near Dahab in the Red Sea, Egypt.

14. Dive and snorkel near Dahab

Dahab , South Sinai’s token beach town, is ideal for divers and snorkelers to experience mind-blowing marine life. If you're not already a qualified diver, you can start your PADI certification process at one of Dahab’s many dive centers.

A few kilometers north of Dahab is Egypt’s Blue Hole , a submarine sinkhole that drops straight down to a depth of over 100m (328ft), and attracts experienced divers from all over the world. It’s a fascinating but risky dive that’s unfortunately claimed many lives, and it should be left to pro and advanced divers only. 

15. Relax with the view from Castle Zaman 

Come for the view, stay for – well, the view. This medieval-style castle that’s actually a slow-food restaurant, is nestled between Sinai’s signature mountains and lies somewhere between Nuweiba and Taba by the Gulf of Aqaba – an unparalleled vantage point across the Red Sea that spans the shores and mountains of Egypt, Jordan , Israel , and Saudi Arabia . 

Spend a full day at Castle Zaman chilling in the pool, having a drink at the bar, and enjoying a slow-cooked lunch or dinner that includes items like a meat tagine or the catch of the day. Although Castle Zaman doesn’t offer overnight accommodation, you can make use of its amenities such as the sauna and massage treatments.

Planning tip: And for an overnight stay, head to Dayra Camp , a collection of wildly decorated straw huts and wooden bungalows located in the coastal town of Nuweiba  – just 23km (14mi) away.  

This article was first published January 2022 and updated August 2023

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Types of Tourism in Egypt

By: ETP Team Published: 12 December, 2020 Updated: 15 January, 2024

Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Awards & Recognitions

ETP Award

Table of Content

1. cultural tourism in egypt, 2. leisure tourism in egypt, 3. religious tourism in egypt, 4. medical tourism in egypt.

  • 5. Desert & Adventure Tourism in Egypt

6. Nile River Cruises Tourism

7. eco-tourism in egypt, 8. culinary tourism in egypt, related articles.

Types of Tourism in Egypt are several, each shedding light on the different aspects of this rich country. The purpose of this article is to provide all the answers, information, and details about what are all the different tourism types in Egypt, where to experience them, and how to enjoy them. Egyptian tourism represents more than 11% of Egypt's total GDP, 40% of Egypt's non-commodity exports, and 12% of Egypt's workforce, which serves up to 15 million tourists a year. This article is written by the ETP team, which is a group of very skilled tour operators and travel consultants who will provide all the important information about all the types of Egyptian Tourism.

Egypt has always been throughout its history the best tourist destination, and the main reason behind this is the discovery of the charming Pharaonic antiquities a long time ago this definitely added charm to Egypt and made tourists arrange tours from all parts of the world to enjoy that amazing beauty in addition to of course tour around the fascinating religious and cultural monuments that are spread all over the country. Another reason that makes Egypt an amazing country is its geographical location and its beautiful climate during the whole year, especially along its vast coastal line. Such amazing things in Egypt really match the requests of any traveler, especially those who seek to visit the most impressive ancient landmarks and have the most magical recreational tour.

The oldest type of tourism in Egypt is archeological or cultural tourism, as Egypt is mainly known for its impressive ancient civilizations that can be witnessed through its incredible constructions and achievements since the dawn of history. This type of tourism remains unrepeated and non-competitive with any other country since Egypt includes more than one-third of the World’s impressive monuments. In addition to cultural tourism, there are many other types of tourism that have come into existence, such as recreational tourism, religious tourism, sports tourism, desert tourism, eco-tourism, therapeutic tourism, maritime tourism, festival tourism, Diving centers tourism, exhibitions tourism. Here are the four main types of tourism in Egypt:

Cultural Tourism in Egypt - Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

This is the main type of tourism that has been found in Egypt since the discovery of the incredible attractions of ancient Egypt. Through cultural tourism, every traveler will get to discover all the historical aspects and ways of life of the ancient Egyptians. There are many magnificent cultural archeological tourist sites in Egypt that date back more than 5000 years and attract tourists forever among the most irresistible ancient cities in Egypt is its magnificent capital, Cairo , as it has the most invaluable sightseeing, including the remarkable Giza Pyramids Complex is one of the most famous archaeological monuments in Egypt that includes the superb three amazing Pyramids of Khufu , Khafre , and Menquare that used to be the tombs of the Pharaohs . The Great Pyramid of King Khufu is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world and, to be more specific, the last remaining wonder, and this, without a doubt, adds a lot to the great importance of a visit to such terrific sightseeing and tourists really love getting inside such a wonderful site.

Near the Complex is the legendary Grand Egyptian Museum which is the largest archaeological museum in the world, filled with countless thousands of artifacts across the history of the ancient Egyptian civilization . While inside the complex, you will also find the hypnotic Sphinx that used to be the guard of the complex since its construction by the son of Khufu. It is going to be such a good chance to explore the Valley Temple that narrates the whole amazing story of the mummification processes that were operated by the ancients to let their dead be prepared for the afterlife journey. To check out the extra pyramids, you can visit the Saqqara Step Pyramid , which was the first pyramid to be built in Egypt. While being there, you will be close to Memphis City , which was the capital of ancient Egypt, and also enjoy a breathtaking cultural tour to Dahshur Pyramids, where you will find the Bent Pyramid & the Red Pyramid .

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Cairo is not the only city that contains tens of magnificent historical sights as you should definitely visit Luxor City , which contains the greatest and the most impressive temples that were ever built by a man. Among the best sightseeing you should visit while being in Luxor are the charming Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut , the fascinating temples of Karnak and Luxor temple , Colossi of Memnon , the great Valley of the Kings that includes the tombs of the great ancient Egyptian Pharaohs, and lots of other spacious cultural sites that must be visited while being in Egypt.

That is not all, as there are also a couple of Egyptian cities that represent a great part of the Egyptian culture through the landmarks located within One of them is the beautiful Aswan city , which follows the glory of Egypt’s cities and also has some of the most notable places that tourists really love to visit including the incredible High Dam , Philae Temple of the ancient goddess Isis, Abu Simbel Temples , and the gorgeous Nubian Village where you will be able to meet the lovely Nubians and learn some of the best Egyptian traditions and customs .

The other incredible historical tourist city in Egypt is the famous Alexandria city , which really contains some of the best attractions to visit and explore, including Qaitbay Citadel , Pompey’s Pillar , the Catacombs of Kom El-Shokafa , and last but not least, the magical Alexandria Library where you can find a copy of each book ever published in the world. You will then transfer from the historical wonders of Egypt to entertaining coastal activities in Egypt.

Leisure Tourism in Egypt - Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Egypt is rich with the most incredible fun tourist destinations where tourists can enjoy the greatest recreational tour since there is a shoreline in Egypt through which you can see Bahrain White & Red, start an adventure in the Red Sea with its pure incredible water, get the best facilities while being in the Gulf of Aqaba, enjoy the mesmerizing gorgeous tourist resorts in different sites like the Mediterranean coast, the Gulf of Suez, and the incredible Gulf of Aqaba.

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Tourists really love to come to Egypt to enjoy a recreational tour while being in the tourist beaches in the incredible coastal beaches of Hurghada , Marsa Alam , Dahab , El-Gouna , Sharm El-Sheikh , Safaga , Al-Ein El-Sukhna, Ras Sudr, and lots of other exquisite sites with amazing beaches and breathtaking services to be offered to tourists. Travelers of all ages love heading to such cities and spots since they can enjoy different water activities like snorkeling, scuba diving, swimming with dolphins, enjoying the interesting types of fish and coral reefs plus a super safari across the Sahara while being there and you will also find the best activities for your children to practice and enjoy. You will then find out about all the religious attractions of Egypt.

Religious Tourism in Egypt - Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Egypt is a divine destination that made an impact across all the three great holy religions of the world. It offers every traveler the road to divinity, bliss, and unity. Egypt's rich religious background can be traced to the harmonious and polytheistic society and atmosphere that the population enjoyed across history, which, in turn, gave birth to some of the most incredible religious monuments ever built. Many tourists love Egypt in the first place as they find there some of the greatest religious attractions from the three Abraham religions on earth, and we can divide those attractions according to the following points:

What are the Islamic Landmarks In Egypt?

Egypt is, in the first place, a Muslim country, and during the ages of such a country, its great rulers made sure that they established mesmerizing mosques with fascinating construction skills and a great story to be narrated about each site. Here are some of the most well-known incredible Islamic attractions in Egypt that travelers from all parts of the world from different religions love to visit:

  • Mosque of Amr ibn al-Aas
  • Al-Hussein Mosque
  • Sayyida Zainab Mosque
  • Azhar mosque
  • Sultan Hassan Mosque
  • Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque
  • Al-Hakim Mosque
  • Mohammed Ali Mosque in Cairo Citadel
  • El-Rifai Mosque .

Here are also some of the most notable castles, palaces & citadels that were built all over Egypt to defend Egypt from any foreign attack:

  • Salah El-Din Citadel
  • Mohamed Ali Manial Palace
  • Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria
  • Aqaba Castle
  • Castle Soldier
  • Castle Stage
  • Castle Nakhl
  • Al-Arish Castle

What are the Coptic Attractions in Egypt?

There are some charming Coptic Churches in Egypt that are characterized by the best Coptic features, and both Muslims and Christians love to visit and explore their history. Here are some of the most well-known Coptic Sightseeing in Old Cairo:

  • Saint Mary Church
  • Saint Mercurius Church
  • Saints Sergius & Bacchus Church " Abu Serga Church "
  • Church of the Virgin Marry " Hanging Church "
  • Saint Barbra Church
  • The Church of Saint Menas
  • Nunnery Church
  • Monastery and Church of St. George

What are the Jewish Sites in Egypt?

Although there are a few numbers of Jewish sightseeing in Egypt, they represent all of what you may need to know about the history of Jewish and a great part of their history:

  • Ben Ezra Synagogue
  • Harat El-Yahood in Khan El-Khalili, Old Cairo
  • Mount Sina, where Moses received God’s Ten Commandments
  • Eliahu Hanavi Synagogue

You will then learn about all the medical tourism in Egypt.

Medical Tourism in Egypt - Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Egypt has always been known to have mystical and healing powers across its heavenly waters and divine lands. The best and the most notable thing about Egypt is its mineral water that is free from moisture, and it is the best to treat many diseases, including bone & skin diseases, gastrointestinal tract, and lots of other diseases that can simply be cured just by staying in the sand.

There are many clues that prove that the Red Sea water has the power to heal people of psoriasis. Some might ask where medical tourism is in Egypt ; there are 16 inland and coastal locations, and among the most notable medical tourist spots in Egypt are Hurghada, Helwan, Ain El-Sira, Aswan, Sinai, Safaga, Al-Ain El-Sokna, the Oasis, and Fayoum and all of those cities have the necessary elements to cure people of several diseases. Here are the best medical spots in Egypt that you will be a very lucky person to enjoy part of your Egypt vacation  at:

Baharia Oasis

You will find at Bahariya Oasis the incredible springs of Halfa and the best warm water and lots of tourists come from all around the world to be treated in such a wonderful spot.

Beaulac Wells

The water there is rich with the best beneficial Minerals in addition to the incredible sand dunes that are close to the wells, and they have the power to cure lots of diseases, including rheumatism, joint pains, and rheumatoid.

Nasser Wells

You will find three incredibly deep wells there, and they are gathered in a swimming pool. Warm water there is mainly used to treat rheumatism, skin inflammation, kidney stones, and other digestive complications.

Farafra Oasis

The new Valley Oasis includes lots of herbs & plants, including Al-Ashaar Karkade and Dammsesa, and such plants are used for the treatment of rheumatism and also digestive system diseases. If you have stomach aches, then you can simply use the catnip herb. The best treatment for diabetes there is the Egleeg herb.

Sands of Safaga

Because of the moderate climate in Safaga City , its magical sands have the power to treat psoriasis in addition to its incredible radioactive mineral elements, including Uranium, Potassium, and Thorium, which can definitely treat joint pains and skin inflammation. Travelers who have a history of liver, heart, or kidney diseases will enjoy the most there as low gravity helps high blood flow patients.

5. Desert & Adventure Tourism in Egypt

Desert & Adventure Tourism in Egypt - Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Desert and Adventure Tourism is a magnificent way to explore the arid sandy landscapes found in the Sahara of Egypt, where everyone will get to enjoy the most entertaining and thrilling desert activities, which include camel trekking, sandboarding, dune bashing, camping under the stars, and visiting oases.

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Adventure tourism in the desert regions will be an enjoyable and enriching experience that will contain off-road driving, rock climbing, desert safaris, and exploring ancient historical sites that are hidden in the depths of the Sahara. The secrets of the desert have the power to make your vacation and adventure a truly remarkable wonder where some of the most incredible tales will come to life before your eyes.

Nile River Cruises Tourism - Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Nile River Cruises is known to be the ultimate way to witness the historical and cultural milestones of Upper Egypt found between Luxor and Aswan. Boarding the Nile River Cruises will uncover the tremendous allure and grandeur of the history, art, architecture, and culture of some of the finest monuments ever created in the history of Egypt, such as the Valley of the Kings, Karnak Temple, Abu Simbel, and Edfu Temple. Nile River cruise tourism is by far the pinnacle of travel across the gems of Egypt.

With time, The cruises became recognized for offering a magical blend of relaxation, sightseeing, and educational experiences as travelers absorb the rich history and divinity along the banks of the Nile River . All the Nile cruises are considered to be part of all the tours as they provide direct access to the archaeological treasures that ancient Egypt has to offer while bringing to life the most magnificent view.

Eco-Tourism in Egypt - Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Eco-tourism has the power to uncover the overwhelming ethereal beauty that was cultivated over millions of years. Eco-tourism is a new magical addition to the world of tourism, which focuses mainly on the concept of sustainable travel that seeks to minimize the impact on the environment and supports all local communities.

All the eco-tourism initiatives involve visiting protected areas like the Ras Mohammed National Park in Sinai, the Bahariya Oasis , the White Desert Area, the Siwa Oasis , and more, which are participating in conservation projects while staying in eco-friendly accommodations and engaging in activities that promote environmental awareness. Every second spent across and within the natural eco wonders of Egypt will transform into a collection of the most joyful and spectacular memories.

Culinary Tourism in Egypt - Types of Tourism in Egypt - Egypt Tours Portal

Egypt is blessed with some of the most diverse and delicious Egyptian foods and recipes that were inspired across history from the core of Egyptian culture plus several foreign cultures that were cultivated over thousands of years. Culinary tourism involves exploring a region's cuisine and food culture. In Egypt, this might include tasting traditional dishes like Koshari, Falafel, Ful Medames, and various types of Kebabs and Mezze.

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Culinary tours might involve visits to local markets, vintage restaurants, street markets, cooking classes to learn how to prepare authentic Egyptian dishes, and dining at restaurants in Cairo that specialize in regional cuisine.

What has been mentioned within this article isn’t what we can say about all types of tourism you can find in Egypt, but it is only a small part of a huge unique integrated tourism system in Egypt, and to know all of what you can find & enjoy while being in Egypt, You can now choose from the different Egypt Tours and Nile River Cruises to enjoy the best of what Egypt has to offer and to find the exact type of tourism you want to enjoy while being in the Land of Pharaohs with your family, friends, or with your partner, as Egypt has it all.

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  • Before You Travel
  • Introducing Egypt

Frequently Asked Questions

What is tourism like in egypt, and what are main points of interest.

Tourism in Egypt is considered to be one of the main industries that entangle several sectors, thus improving the entire economy. There are different types of tourism, which include historical and cultural tourism across all the main interest cities, tropical tourism like beach resorts in areas like Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada, natural tourism, and adventure tourism. Main points of interest include the Iconic ancient structures like the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The immortal city of Luxor is Home to the Valley of the Kings, Karnak Temple, and Luxor Temple. The honorable city of Aswan is Known for the High Dam, Philae Temple, and the Unfinished Obelisk. The colossal golden capital city of Cairo is home to the grand Egyptian Museum and Islamic Cairo.

What Is The Tourism Industry In Egypt?

The tourism industry in Egypt represents about 15% of the entire Egyptian economy, plus it represents about 10% of Egypt's total workforce, which will be about 15 million visitors in 2023.

What Are the Finest Destinations to Visit in Egypt?

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be explored with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen before any other such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak & Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan such as Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read more about the best places to visit in Egypt .

What Are Egypt's Visa Requirements?

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read more about Egypt travel visa .

What Is the Top Traditional Egyptian Food?

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

What is the Best Time to Visit Egypt?

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?

You should pack everything you could ever need in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

Why Book With "Egypt Tours Portal"?

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 20 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort to make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the finest atmosphere until you return home.

Is it Safe to Travel to Egypt?

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read more about is it safe to travel to Egypt .

What to Wear While in Egypt?

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light and comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt. Put on sun block during your time in Egypt in the summer to protect yourself from the sun.

What are the Best Activities to Do in Egypt?

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

What are Egypt Festival and Public Holidays?

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read more about festivals & publich holidays in Egypt .

What are Special Advice for Foreign Women in Egypt?

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

What are the Official Languages of Egypt?

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

What is the Transportation in Egypt?

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

What is the Weather is Like?

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot but sometimes it becomes cold at night and winter is cool and mild. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and the average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

What are the Reasons That Make You Visit Egypt?

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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Writer: ETP Team

About the Author: ETP Team

Egypt Tours Portal team dedicates its time and energy to preserving and showcasing the vast history and mysteries of the ancient Egyptians that trace back more than 5000 years across their most famous destinations that hold an incredible number of monuments and attractions. The team’s main purpose is to shed light on the infinite wealth of natural, historical, cultural, and mythological knowledge for everyone who wished to learn something new and prepare for their journey across the magical destinations of Egypt.

All the team members of the Egypt tours portal are a highly knowledgeable and qualified group of Egyptologists, Archaeologists, historians, world travelers, content creators, digital marketers, consultants, and explorers who have a vast experience in each of their fields, stretching from 5 to 20 years where everyone gained an unfathomable understanding of their craft that provide all the visitors and clients to gain priceless information and all the means needed to have the most entertaining travel experience in Egypt.

The information mentioned on the website was created over a long period of time by a number of the most qualified experts in each of their fields which was updated regularly on a monthly basis and depends on a number of highly trusted sources with confirmed facts to ensure the safest delivery and consumption of each information in the most useful and positive manner.

All our sources and resources of the Egypt tours portal which was cultivated for over 35 years that were made to provide the most incredible Egypt tours & vacation packages, Egypt Nile cruises, Egypt day tours & excursions, and Egypt shore excursions that have won the praise of all our clients as shown by own clients on TripAdvisor, won a number of awards, and mentioned by a number of renowned news agencies and travel blogs plus provides an enriching educational and entertaining travel experience for everyone.

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facts about tourism in egypt

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  • Middle East

30 interesting facts about Egypt

The most interesting facts about Egypt, from the most visited country in Africa to one of the world’s most iconic landmarks

The Pyramids of Giza in Egypt

Official name: Arab Republic of Egypt Population: 106,437,241 Area: 1,001,450 sq km Capital city: Cairo Major languages: Arabic, English, French Major religions: Islam Time zone: UTC+2 (Egypt Standard Time) – Source: CIA World Fact Book

Interesting facts about Egypt

1. Egypt is a country located in North  Africa  bordering Israel, Libya , Sudan and the Palestinian territory of Gaza. – Source: Britannica

2. Egypt is ethnically homogeneous with Egyptians comprising more than 99% of the population. – Source: CIA World Fact Book

3. Egypt is famous for its ancient civilisation. For almost 3,000 years (from around 3100 BC to 332 BC), ancient Egypt was the most notable civilisation in the Mediterranean world. – Source: History Channel

A map of North Africa, the Nile and the Sahara Desert

4. Ancient Egypt ended when Alexander the Great, of ancient Macedonia , conquered Egypt in 332 BC and founded Alexandria. Egypt was ruled by a Macedonian dynasty until 31 BC and then by the ensuing Roman, Byzantine, Arab and Ottoman empires. – Source: BBC News 1 , BBC News 2 ,

5. By population, Egypt is now the world’s largest Arab country. – Source: World Bank

6. Egypt has a horizontally striped red, white and black flag with a gold hawk in the centre. The flag is similar to that of Syria , Iraq and Yemen which are all based on the Arab Liberation Flag. The colours represent oppression (black), bloody struggle (red) and a bright future (white). The gold hawk is the symbol of the Prophet Muhammad’s tribe. – Source: Britannica , CIA World Fact Book

Egypt's flag flying in front of a blue sky

7. Egypt has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In Africa, only South Africa (10), Ethiopia (9), Morocco (9) and Tunisia (8) have more. – Source: UNESCO

8. Probably the most recognised landmarks of ancient Egypt is the pyramid. At least 118 pyramids were built by the pharaohs as royal tombs. – Source: Reuters , National Geographic

9. The most famous of which is the Great Pyramid of Giza which is the only wonder of the ancient world that has survived to the present day. – Source: History Channel

The Great Pyramid of Giza

10. The longest documented reign of any monarch is that of Egypt’s Pharaoh Pepi II who ruled for 94 years from around 2281 BC. He became king when he was just six years old. – Source: Guinness World Records

11. From 1859 to 1869, the Suez Canal was built in Egypt connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea via a 193.3km (120 miles) artificial sea-level waterway. It is one of the world’s most heavily used and important shipping lanes.​​ – Source: Suez Canal Authority

12. In 2021, a container ship called the Ever Given ran aground in the Suez Canal and was stuck for six days, disrupting global supply chains freezing nearly $10 billion in trade a day. – Source: New York Times

Container ships in the Suez Canal

13. The longest river in the world, the Nile, runs through Egypt. The river’s total length is 6,695km (4,160 miles) and runs from as far away as Burundi and Lake Victoria in East Africa all the way to the Mediterranean in North Africa. – Source:  Guinness World Records , National Geographic

14. The Nile River – and the rich soil found along its banks and delta – was critical to the development of ancient Egypt. Today, 95% of Egypt’s population still live within a few kilometres of the Nile. – Source: National Geographic

15. The rest of Egypt is largely covered by the Sahara Desert. The Sahara is the world’s largest hot desert (excludes Arctic and Antarctic deserts) and covers 8.5 million square kilometres (3.3 million square miles). The Nile divides the Egyptian desert plateau into two sections known as the Western Desert and the Eastern Desert. – Source: National Geographic , Britannica

Sand dunes

16. Egypt are the most successful national football team in Africa. They have won the Africa Cup of Nations tournament seven times, qualified for the FIFA World Cup three times and, in 1934, became the first team outside the Americas and Europe to participate in the World Cup. – Source: Britannica 1 , Britannica 2 , FIFA (pdf)

17. The UNESCO-listed Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) in Egypt is home to the fossil remains of the earliest, and now extinct, species of whale. – Source: UNESCO

18. On 25th January 2011, Egypt erupted into what would come to be known as the ‘Egyptian revolution’, part of the wider ‘Arab Spring’ regional movement. Millions of protesters took to the streets in Eqypt demonstrating against police brutality and Hosni Mubarak’s presidency. The surprisingly eventually led to the fall of Mubarak and the first democratically elected president in Egypt, but also further instability, military intervention and fresh protests. – Source: BBC News , The Guardian

19. One of the earliest known writing systems was invented by the ancient Egyptians. The pictorial symbols were called hieroglyphs, which comes from a Greek word meaning ‘sacred carving’ and could be written vertically, horizontally, left to right or right to left. – Source: BBC Bitesize

hieroglyphs carved on a wall

20. In 1882, Britain took control of Egypt after defeating the Egyptian army before making Egypt a British protectorate in 1914. – Source: BBC News

21. In 1922, Egypt gained independence with Fuad I becoming king. – Source: BBC News

22. Egypt is in the process of relocating its capital city 45km (28 miles) away from Cairo to a brand new purpose-built city. Currently known as “New Administrative Capital”, the new city is hoped to ease congestion in Cairo. – Source: Al Jazeera , Reuters

A modern hotel and water feature in Egypt's new capital city

23. Cairo gets its name from the Arabic “al-Qahira” which means “the victorious”. – Source: CIA World Fact Book

24. The English name “Egypt” comes from the ancient Greek name for the country “Aigyptos” while the Arabic name “Misr” comes from the Akkadian word “misru” meaning border or frontier. – Source: CIA World Fact Book

25. The world’s oldest dress is from Egypt. The Tarkhan Dress has been radiocarbon dated to between 5,100 and 5,500 years old and as such is the world’s oldest woven garment. – Source: National Geographic

26. The UNESCO-listed city of Thebes was the capital of Egypt during much of Ancient Egypt. A popular tourist destination, the site is noted for its temples and palaces at Karnak and Luxor, and the necropolises of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens. – Source: UNESCO

Aerial view of Luxor in Egypt

27. The ancient Egyptians invented the 365-day calendar. The Egyptian calendar was based on 12 30-day lunar cycles (360 days in total). But this was incompatible with the true solar year which so to solve this, the Egyptians added five extra days to the year. – Source: Britannica

28. Egypt is the most visited country in Africa receiving over 13 million tourists a year. – Source:  UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

29. Egypt (along with other countries in the region) has gone to war with Israel several times since 1948 in what has become known as the Arab-Israeli wars. – Source: Britannica

30. Egypt is part of an area known as the Fertile Crescent, also known as the “Cradle of Civilization”. The Fertile Crescent covers a roughly crescent-shaped area of fertile land that includes parts of present-day Jordan, Lebanon , Palestine, Israel, Syria, Turkey , Iran , Iraq and Cyprus. – Source: History Channel

Every effort has been made to verify these facts about Egypt. However, if you find an error or have any questions, please contact us .

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Egypt Facts for Tourists

facts about tourism in egypt

Name:  Egypt is known officially as  Arab Republic of Egypt ; ( Gumhūrīyat Miṣr al-Arabīyah ) but the common name in Arabic is only:  Miṣr.

Geographical  Position:  Situated in 2 continents;  Africa 95% of Territory and Asia 5% at the same time.

Number of Governorates : 29. Each governorate is ruled by a local governor.

Rivers: At present, Nile River (in Egypt is 1446 km. in length), but in general the Nile is 6695 kilometers in length.

Seas: 2 Seas: The Mediterranean in the north, and the Red Sea in East at the same time.

Lakes:  7 great lakes which extend on a surface area of around 5790 square km.

Fact and General Information about Egypt in Brief:

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Tourism in Egypt

  • Sunday، 15 May 2016 - 12:00 AM

facts about tourism in egypt

facts about tourism in egypt

1- Plans to attract more tourists with a view to:- • Maintaining the current growth rates and Egypt's competitive status on the major traditional markets like Britain, Russia, Italy, Germany and France. • Achieving high growth rates in the number of tourists, who come from the emerging markets in a way that can be harmonized with the tangible speed in the growth of these markets like Ukraine, Poland and the Czech Republic. • Upgrading Egypt's competitive status on the new markets and identifying the Egyptian tourism modes in a comprehensive and effective way - India and China. • Improving the image of the Egyptian tourism types at the international level and achieving the highest quality of services received by tourists and to be careful on how far these services and prices of flights are harmonized • Developing plans to promote and diversify the tourism modes on a sustained basis in a way that meets the needs and requirements of the overseas markets. • Launching a promotion campaign via mass media of the major exporters of tourists and expanding this campaign via satellite channels. To achieve these goals, the plans should include the following: - Implementing a partnership programme with leading tour operators to support direct sales - Implementing a programme to support charter flight in some destinations according to market needs so as to attract more influx of tourists. - Implementing an international public relations campaign through outside travel offices - Establishing and developing a website as a promotion to Egypt that has been launched in 13 languages (Arabic will be added to the website in 2008) - Launching a promotion campaign on the Arab market under the title "welcome to Egypt" and expanding this campaign by tourism groups covering major Arab countries. - Providing excellent tourist services with outstanding quality and delivering these services to visiting categories with high spending and special interests. - Addressing new segments and launching new tourism modes, such as desert tourism, golf tourism, therapeutic tourism as well as accommodation, conferences and shopping tourism. 2- Plans to provide different tourism modes, including the following: - Developing the coastal and desert areas outside the city cordons. - Planning and supervising tourism development projects - Determining the body concerned that will manage the land earmarked for tourism investment. - Maximizing the private sector's role in the development process and limiting the role of the state for planning, supervising and monitoring operations. - Diversifying the tourism product (hotel, Ecolodge, environmental hotel, Safari tourism, yacht tourism, golf courts and accommodation units..). - Undertaking infrastructure projects in the tourism development centres (implemented by the private sector, where the total investments stand at LE 3.3 billion in roads, electricity, water, sanitation and airports). • Applying control systems, upgrading the quality and developing the ships' anchorage as well as reducing road accidents and training to raise the quality of services in Egypt. Tourism Development Authority's plan until 2017 The plan of the Tourism Development Authority is aiming at boosting tourism and increasing the hotel rooms, tourism revenues and jobs until 2017, as well as attracting more tourists to reach 16 million tourists and increase the number of tourist nights to 130 million nights. The main axes of tourism development strategy are as follows: - • Changing the role of the public sector so as to become organized, encouraging and simplified as well as expanding the role of the private sector. • Developing the legal and institutional framework. • Supplying the areas of development with the necessary infrastructure. • Preserving environment. • Identifying the priorities for overall development.  

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